Kurudziro Yakananga Kubva Kuna Chiremba Inogona Kuve Yekupedzisira Push Mumwe Munhu Anoda Kubaiwa
Kurudziro Yakananga Kubva Kuna Chiremba Inogona Kuve Yekupedzisira Push Mumwe Munhu Anoda Kubaiwa
Anonim

Wakambozviwana uchinetsekana paunenge uchiedza kunyengerera shamwari kana nhengo yemhuri kuti ibaye nhomba yeCOVID-19? Kana kuti pamwe uri shamwari iyoyo kana nhengo yemhuri, uye wakadyiswa nevanhu vanokusunda kuti ubaye nhomba.

Kunyangwe sainzi iri pachena kuti COVID-19 vaccine inoponesa hupenyu, zvinogona kuve zvakaoma kutanga hurukuro ine pundutso pamusoro pekudzivirira. Uye vanachiremba vanosangana nedambudziko rimwe chetero, zvakare.

Isu tiri vaongorori paMass Chan Medical School vanga vachiedza kugadzirisa dambudziko iri. Mumwe wedu anonyanya kukoshesa pulmonologist anga ari kumberi achishanda muCOVID-19 intensive care unit mukati memazuva akasviba edenda. Uye mumwe wedu akadzidza maonero evarwere nezvehutano nehutano hwehutano kwemakore akawanda. Kuti tione kuti vanachiremba vanganyatsotaura sei nevarwere vavo nezvejekiseni, taifanira kutanga tanzwisisa kuti varwere vainetseka nezvei.

Nei vanhu vachisarudza kubaiwa (kana kwete)

Muna Kubvumbi 2020, apo mishonga yekudzivirira yeCCIDID-19 yakanga ichiri kuongororwa, takabvunza vanhu vakuru chiuru muUS yese nezve hurongwa hwavo hwekudzivirira, uye nei. Vanosvika vatatu mugumi vakanga vasina chokwadi chekuti vaizobaiwa here, uye 1 mugumi akaronga kusabaiwa. Mapoka ese ari maviri akapa zvikonzero zvakasiyana-siyana zvekuzeza kwavo, kusanganisira kushushikana nezvekuchengetedzwa kwejekiseni nemhedzisiro, kuda kumirira rumwe ruzivo, vachifunga kuti ivo havasi panjodzi, uye kusavimba nehurumende, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, kana mishonga.

Takazoita imwe ongororo muna Ndira 2021 apo jekiseni rave kuwanikwa kune veruzhinji, nemuenzaniso mutsva wevanhu vangangosvika chiuru nemazana manomwe. Zvikonzero zvekusada vaccine zvanga zvisati zvachinja kubva muna Kubvumbi 2020. Zvikonzero zvakanyanyozivikanwa zvaive zvekunetsekana nezvekuchengetedza vaccine, kukurumidza kwekuvandudzwa kwejekiseni uye kusakwana kuyedzwa, pamwe nekusavimbika kwakazara kweCCIDID-19 vaccines.

Pamusoro pezvo, takaona kuti avo vakaronga kubaiwa vaiziva zvakawanda nezvekutapurirana kweCCIDID-19, hutano hunogona kuitika hwechirwere uye kushanda kwekudzivirira. Ivo zvakare vaive nemukana wakakura wekuvimba nedata uye manhamba pakuita sarudzo nezvehutano hwavo pane avo vaizeza nezve kubaiwa.

Vanachiremba vanogona kuita mutsauko

Kana vanhu vasingade kubayiwa nhomba vasingavimbi nenhamba dzekuita sarudzo dzehutano, vanovimba nei?

Zvinoratidza kuti chiremba wavo anoita basa guru. Ongororo dzinoverengeka dzakaratidza kuti vanhu vazhinji vanovimba nekuraira kwachiremba mukuita sarudzo nezve majekiseni.

Takaedza nzira dzakasiyana dzaigona kutora vanachiremba kuti vataure nevarwere vavo nezve COVID-19 yekudzivirira. Kunyange mameseji ese aisanganisira zvirevo zvekuti murwere akakodzera kuwana jekiseni rakachengeteka uye rinoshanda, vakasiyana nezvakataurwa nachiremba zvichitevera ruzivo urwu.

Takaona kuti iyo meseji inoshanda zvakanyanya yaive kurudziro yakajeka ("Ini ndinokurudzira kuti uiwane") pamwe nereferensi yekudzivirira vamwe ("Ndiyo nzira yakanakisa yekudzivirira vanhu vauri padyo navo nekuvachengeta vaine hutano"). Chikamu che27% cheavo vakagamuchira meseji iyi vakave nemukana wakakura wekubaiwa.

Mukuenzanisa, meseji isinganyanyi kushanda yaive yekusarudza, kana kuvhurika ("Saka iwe unofungei?") - 13% chete ndivo vangango pihwa nhomba mushure mekugamuchira iyi meseji.

Patakatevera vanhu vakambozeza mushure memwedzi mitanhatu gare gare, vangangoita makumi matatu nenhatu kubva muzana vaive vabaiwa. Zvakanyanya, kune avo vaive nehurukuro nachiremba wavo vachikurudzira vaccine, makumi mashanu neshanu muzana vaive vabayiwa, zvichienzaniswa negumi nerimwe chete muzana yeavo vane chiremba vasina kukurudzira vaccine.

Zvikonzero zvavo zvejekiseni zvakasiyana. Vanopfuura hafu vakataura vachida kudzivirira vamwe. Vamwe vaitarisira kuti kubayiwa kwaizodiwa, kana kuti vainetsekana nekuwana COVID-19.

Chii chaungaita?

Kuwana pamwoyo wezvinokurudzira mumwe munhu kunogona kuve danho rakakosha mukunzwisisa maonero avo. Izvi zvakawanikwa zvinogona kukubatsira kuti uve nehurukuro dzinoshanda nemhuri yako neshamwari - uye kunyangwe chiremba wako.

Kana wakabaiwa nhomba uye uchitsvaga kukurudzira shamwari kana nhengo yemhuri isina:

  • Ipa zano kuti vataure nachiremba wavo. Mishonga yeCOVID-19 yave kuwanikwa mumahofisi evanachiremba, izvo zvichaita kuti zvive nyore kubayiwa munzvimbo yakajairika. Chiremba wavo anogonawo kupa vimbiso yavanoda kuti vanzwe zvakanaka nezvekutora jekiseni.

  • Taura nezvekudzivirira vamwe. Vaudze kuti zvinofadza sei kuita basa mukuderedza kupararira kwechirwere chinogona kuuraya.

  • Taura nezvekuzvidzivirira. Vaudze kuti kunzwa wakachengeteka kwakadini.

Kana iwe usina kubaiwa, asi uri kunetseka kana iwe uchifanira kuva:

  • Taura nachiremba wako. Udza chiremba wako zvinokunetsa nezvekubaiwa nhomba. Chiremba wako ane ruzivo rwazvino, rwechokwadi nezvemajekiseni eCCIDID-19 uye anogona kupindura mibvunzo yako. Unogona kubaiwa jekiseni panguva yekushanya kwako. Kana zvisina kudaro, chiremba wako anogona kukupa ruzivo rwekuti unobaiwa kupi.

  • Taura nevanhu vakabaiwa nhomba. Vazhinji vakati vaitya kana kutya kubaiwa, asi pavakangowana pfuti yavo yeCOVID-19, vakanzwa vakachengeteka uye kurerukirwa.

  • Funga kuti unganzwa sei mumamiriro ezvinhu akasiyana. Vamwe vanhu havanetseki kutora mikana nehutano hwavo. Vamwe vanogona kufungidzira zvazvinoita kuva muchipatara kwemavhiki kana kusungirirwa pamhepo inofefetera, uye vasingade kuisa njodzi. Uye anenge munhu ari wose aizonzwa zvakaipa kudai vaiva nomutoro wokuti mumwe munhu wavanoitira hanya arware zvikuru.

Kutsvaga maitiro ekuita hurukuro ine pundutso nezve COVID-19 vaccines zvinogona kunetsa. Loping muna chiremba wako ndiyo imwe nzira yekuvhara gaka rekutaurirana.

Kathleen Mazor, Purofesa weMishonga, UMass Chan Medical School uye Kimberly Fisher, Associate Pulmonology, UMass Chan Medical School.

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