Iyi Hutachiona Hunozivikanwa Inogona Kuve Iyo Inotevera Global Kutyisidzira Kune Vana, CDC Inonyevera
Iyi Hutachiona Hunozivikanwa Inogona Kuve Iyo Inotevera Global Kutyisidzira Kune Vana, CDC Inonyevera
Anonim

Hutachiona huripo hunogona kutyisidzira pasi rose mukati meiyo COVID-19 denda, uye vana ndivo vari panjodzi boka rekuribata. Nyanzvi dziri kunetsekana kuti denda rikaramba richienderera mberi, kubuda kwehutachiona hwachinokonzera muvana kunogona kuve kusingadzivisike.

Kuwedzera Ngozi YeMeasles Kuputika

Centers for Disease Control Prevention yakataura munhaurirano nenhau svondo rapfuura kuti denda iri rakakonzera musiyano mukuru muzvirongwa zvekudzivirira gwirikwiti. Saka nekudaro, kunyangwe nyaya dzehutachiona hwegwirikwiti dzakadonha zvakanyanya panguva yedenda, kune njodzi iri kuwedzera yekubuda kwezviri kuitika mune ramangwana sezvo kufambira mberi kwekubvisa gwirikwiti kwadzikira.

Mugore rekutanga redenda, raive muna 2020, vacheche vanopfuura mamirioni makumi maviri nemaviri vakapotsa dosi ravo rekutanga rekudzivirira gwirikwiti nekuda kwekuvharika uye kumira kwenguva pfupi kwehupfumi. Huwandu uhu hunonzi hwave mamirioni matatu kupfuura hwakanyorwa muna 2019.

Chii Chinonzi Measles?

Measles chirwere chevana chinokonzerwa nerubeola virus. Chirwere ichi chaimbozivikanwa zvikuru, asi kubaiwa nhomba kwakabatsira kudzora kupararira kwacho uye kunyange kuderedza kuwanda kwacho muvana munzvimbo dzakawanda dzenyika.

Chirwere chegwirikwiti chinogona kuva chakakomba uye chinotouraya. Zvakadaro, huwandu hwerufu hwakadzikira zvakanyanya kubva pakatanga kurwisa gwirikwiti. Asi kunyangwe kana huwandu hwejekiseni hwakanyanya hwakataurwa pasi rese mumakore achangopfuura, vana vanopfuura zviuru gumi vari pasi pemakore mashanu vachiri kufa gore rega rega, sekureva kweMayo Clinic.

Zviratidzo nezviratidzo zvehutachiona zvinowanzotanga kuratidza mazuva gumi kusvika gumi nemana mushure mekusangana nehutachiona. Zvinosanganisira fivha, chikosoro chakaoma, mhino inoyerera, kurwadziwa kwehuro, conjunctivitis, mapundu eganda anoumbwa nemabhuru mahombe, akati sandara uye tumakwapa tuchena tune nzvimbo dzakatsvuka-chena dzinodaidzwa kuti makwapa eKoplik.

Kuparara KweMeasles Surveillance

Denda iri rakaunza shanduko huru kumaitiro ezuva nezuva emunhu wese uye nzanga yese. Mubazi rezvehutano, kutariswa kwechirwere chegwirikwiti kwakadzikira zvakanyanya pakavharirwa zvivharo uye vanhu vakarairwa kuti vagare vega pamba.

Sezvo nyika yainyanya kutarisa nezvemamiriro eSARS-CoV-2, nyika makumi maviri nenhanhatu dzakarwisa chinyararire denda guru iro rakatora 84% yezvirwere zvese zvegwirikwi muna 2020. njodzi yekuva nechirwere chegwirikwiti yawedzera pasina mubvunzo.

"Huwandu hukuru hwevana vasina kubayiwa, kubuda kwegwirikwiti, nekuonekwa kwechirwere uye kuongororwa kwakatsaurirwa kutsigira mhinduro dzeCCIDID-19 zvinhu zvinowedzera mukana wekufa kwakabatana negwirikwiti uye matambudziko akakomba muvana," CDC's Global Immunisation Director Kevin Cain, MD, akadaro.

Chiitiko cheMeasles Infection muUS

Measles yakanzi yakabviswa kubva kuUnited States muna 2000, apo nyika yakasimbisa zvirongwa zvayo zvekudzivirira utachiona. Zvakadaro, izvi hazvireve kuti hapasisina nyaya dzechirwere chegwirikwiti dziri kutaurwa munyika.

Mhosva uye denda richiri kuitika muUS, asi rinonyanya kukonzerwa nevashanyi vasina kubayiwa vanotakura hutachiona uye vanohuendesa kuvanhu vasina kubayiwa munyika. Huwandu hwepamusoro hwenyaya dzakataurwa mumakore achangopfuura dzaive muna 2019 apo vanhu vangangosvika 1,282 vakabata hutachiona, maererano neCDC.

Nekuda kwezvichangobva kubuda pamusoro penjodzi yekupararira kwegwirikwiti kuri kuitika pasi rose pakati pechirwere ichi, nyanzvi dziri kukurudzira nyika kuti dzisimbaradze zvirongwa zvavo zvekubayisa vana. Neiyi nzira tyisidziro yokuva nokupararira kwakapararira kwegwirikwiti inodzikira zvikuru.

“Zvakakosha kuti nyika dzibaye jekiseni nekukurumidza kurwisa COVID-19, asi izvi zvinoda zviwanikwa zvitsva kuti zvisauye nemutengo wezvirongwa zvakakosha. Kubaya kwejekiseni kunofanirwa kuchengetedzwa nekusimbiswa; kana zvisina kudaro, tinoisa pangozi kutengesa chimwe chirwere chinouraya kune chimwe, "Dhipatimendi reWorld Health Organization's Immunisation, Vaccine and Biologicals director Dr. Kate O'Brien akadaro.

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