Denda reCOVID-19 Rakawedzera Kusagadzikana Kwekudya Pakati Pevechidiki
Denda reCOVID-19 Rakawedzera Kusagadzikana Kwekudya Pakati Pevechidiki
Anonim

Matambudziko ekudya akatanga kukwira pakati pevechidiki nguva pfupi mushure mekutanga kweCOVID-19 denda.

Nyanzvi dzinotenda kuti kuwedzera kwakaitika nekuda kwekuvhiringidzwa kwehupenyu hwezuva nezuva, kushungurudzika mupfungwa uye nguva yakawanda inoshandiswa pamagariro evanhu - iyo tsvakurudzo yakaratidza inogona kutungamirira kuderera kwekuzviremekedza uye chimiro chemuviri chisina kunaka.

Imwe ongororo yakaongororwa nevezera inoratidza kuti chirwere chekudya chakawedzera 15% muna 2020 pakati pevanhu vari pasi pemakore makumi matatu zvichienzaniswa nemakore apfuura. Zvimwe zvidzidzo zvakaratidza kuti varwere vanga vatova nechirwere chekudya vakawedzera panguva yedenda. Vatsvakurudzi vakarondedzera kuwedzera kwekudya zvirwere zviratidzo pamwe chete nekuzvidya mwoyo uye kuora mwoyo.

Matambudziko ekudya anosanganisira anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder uye zvimwe zvakatarwa zvekudyisa nekudya zvakaita seatypical anorexia. Nguva yepamusoro yekutanga ndeye makore 15-25, asi vanhu vanogona kutanga zvirwere zvekudya chero nguva.

Isu tiri chiremba uye psychotherapist anoshanda mukurapa kusagadzikana kwekudya muvechidiki uye vechidiki. Isu takaona kuwedzera kudiwa kwekudya kusagadzikana masevhisi mukiriniki yedu.

Nepo kusagadzikana kwekudya kwagara kuchizivikanwa mune mamwe mapoka - kunyanya varume, dzinza / dzinza diki, uye vanhu vane huremu hwepamusoro, LGBTQ kana vanobva kune varombo mamiriro - ichangoburwa COVID-inoenderana nekuwedzera kwevarwere vari kuuya kuzotarisirwa kwasimbisa kuti hapana boka kudzivirirwa kubva kwavari.

Heano mapoka matatu epwere anowanzofuratirwa kana toreva nezvehosha dzekudya.

1. Vakomana nevechidiki vechidiki

Ongororo yenhoroondo yekuongorora zvirwere zvekudya yakanangana nevakadzi. Izvi zvaita kuti zviomere vanachiremba, mhuri nevarwere kuti vaone kusagadzikana kwekudya muvarume. Semuenzaniso, vakomana vechidiki vanogona kunge vachinyanya kuisa pfungwa pasimba remasumbu uye kushandiswa kwe steroid - zviratidzo zvisingabatanidzwi mumagariro echinyakare, echikadzi-akatarisana ekuongorora maturusi uye maitiro ekuongorora.

Zvisinei, tsvakurudzo itsva inoratidza kuti varume vanogona kuverenga kusvika hafu yematambudziko ose ekudya. Nepo vanhurume vangangove vasina kuongororwa muzvikamu zvese zvehosha dzekudya, pwere dzechirume dzinoita sedzinowanzo dzivirira kudzivirira kudya kwekudya. Ichi chirwere chitsva chekudya chinosanganisira kusadya kwakakwana asi kwete kunetseka pamusoro pechimiro chemuviri kana kukura.

Kusagadzikana kudya - maitiro ane dambudziko rekudya maitiro anosanganisira kudya, kurega kudya uye manzwiro ekunyara asi zvisingasviki maitiro ehurongwa hwekuongororwa chirwere chekudya - iri kuramba ichizvitaura nevatambi vechirume. Izvi zvinoreva kuti varairidzi vezvikoro zvepamusoro uye varairidzi vemitambo vanogona kuwedzera kuziva uye kuzivikanwa kwehukama hunonetsa nechikafu kana kurovedza muviri muvarume vechidiki.

2. Dzepabonde nevarume vashoma

Zvidzidzo zvenguva pfupi yapfuura zvakafumurawo kuti kusagadzikana kwekudya uye kusagadzikana kwekudya kunowanikwa zvakanyanya pakati pevadiki uye vechidiki vashoma pane vechidiki vane cisgendered heterosexual. Izvi zvinofungidzirwa kuti zvine chekuita nemazinga epamusoro ekusagutsikana kwemuviri, kuserwa nekushungurudzwa mumapoka iwayo.

Nyanzvi dzepfungwa dzinotenda rusarura uye rusarura rwunotarisana nepwere, bisexual uye transgender inowedzera kushushikana kwavo, pfungwa dzisina kunaka uye kuzviparadzanisa nevamwe. Izvi zvinogona kukonzera kusagutsikana kwemuviri uye kusagadzikana kwekudya.

Kune vechidiki ve transgender kunyanya, kudya zvisina kurongeka uye kutarisa pachimiro chemuviri uye saizi zvinogona zvakare kuve zvine chekuita nekusagutsikana nekuchinja kwemuviri panguva yekuyaruka izvo zvisingaenderane nehunhu hwavo.

3. "Zvakajairika" -kurema vechidiki

Hosha dzakawanda dzokudya hadzina chokuita nokuva mutete. Izvi zvinoreva kuti vechidiki vanogona kukonzeresa matambudziko akakomba ane chekuita nekusadya kwavo zvisinei nekukura kwemuviri wavo.

Semuenzaniso, vechidiki vane atypical anorexia nervosa vanosangana nemaitiro eanorexia nervosa - zvakadai sekutya kukuru kwekuwedzera uremu kana kukora, uye hunhu hunoramba huchidzivirira huremu - asi havana huremu hushoma. Nekudaro, vangangoda kuchipatara nekuda kwekushaya chikafu uye zviratidzo zvine njodzi zvakadai sekurova kwemoyo kunonoka kana kuderera kweropa.

Saizvozvo, vanhu vane bulimia nervosa - vanodya zvakanyanya uye vobva vashandisa kumanikidzwa kurutsa, laxatives kana mamwe maitiro asina kunaka kuti vadzivise uremu - vanogona zvakare kuve neyakajairika body mass index, kana BMI. Asi ivo vanogona kukura electrolyte abnormalities uye dzakakomba gastrointestinal nyaya.

Kucherechedza zviratidzo

Vachengeti, varairidzi, vashandi vehutano uye vese vanodyidzana nevechidiki vanofanirwa kuramba vachiziva nezvekuwedzera kwehuwandu hwekusagadzikana kwekudya kunounzwa panguva yedenda.

Zviratidzo zvekuti wechiduku angave ari kutanga maitiro asina kurongeka kana kuti ane dambudziko rekudya zvakakwana hazvisi pachena nguva dzose. Semuenzaniso, zviratidzo zvinogona kusanganisira: kusakwanisa kutora zuva rekuzorora, kana kushanda kunze kupfuura kurayirwa nemudzidzisi kana mudzidzisi wemitambo; kutarisisa kwakanyanya pakuvaka tsandanyama; kudzivisa kudya paruzhinji; kamwe kamwe chido chekudya "kuchena" kana kutema mamwe mapoka ezvokudya zvakadai semukaka, nyama kana dessert; uye kushandisa steroids, kudya mapiritsi kana laxatives.

Hosha dzekudya zvirwere zvepfungwa zvinoparadza zvine mari yakawanda yemagariro nehupfumi. Ivo zvakare vanotakura pakati pehuwandu hwepamusoro hwekufa kwese kwese kwezvirwere zvepfungwa uye zvinokanganisa hupenyu hwevanhu uye nevadikani vavo.

Kupindira kwepakutanga kunokosha kuderedza kurwara kwenguva refu uye kuparadzwa kwepfungwa uye kwemuviri kunogona kuitika nekudya kwekudya. Kuputsa zvipingamupinyi zvekuzivikanwa uye kurapwa kwevanhu vese - kusanganisira vakomana, vechidiki pabonde uye vakadzi vashoma uye vana pahuremu hwehuremu - kuchavandudza mhedzisiro kune avo vanonetsekana nezvirwere izvi zvakakosha.

Julia F. Taylor, Mubatsiri Purofesa wePediatrics, University of Virginia uye Sara Groff Stephens, Mubatsiri Purofesa wePediatrics, University of Virginia

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