Mwedzi mumwe mukati, Biden akachinja sei manejimendi enjodzi uye US COVID-19 mhinduro
Mwedzi mumwe mukati, Biden akachinja sei manejimendi enjodzi uye US COVID-19 mhinduro
Anonim

Brian J. Gerber, Arizona State University uye Melanie Gall, Arizona State University

Mushure memwedzi muhofisi, manejimendi eBiden akachinja zvakanyanya mabatiro anoita hurumende yemubatanidzwa kuCOVID-19 denda.

Mukupesana zvakananga neakafanotungamira, Mutungamiri Joe Biden ari kubata izvi sedambudziko renyika rinoda hurongwa hwakakwana hwenyika nezviwanikwa zvemubatanidzwa. Kana izvo zvinonzwika sezvinozivikanwa, zvinofanirwa: Kudzokera kune yechinyakare - uye nenzira dzakawanda dzakaratidzwa - nzira yekutonga njodzi.

Hutongi hwaTrump hwakatsauka zvakanyanya kubva pamaitiro ekuchengetedza emergency. Yakaita zvematongerwo enyika nezvehutano hweveruzhinji uye zvine chekuita nekuita sarudzo uye yakapfuura mabasa ekupindura njodzi emasangano emubatanidzwa, kusanganisira Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Dhipatimendi reHutano neHuman Services uye Federal Emergency Management Agency.

Pakati pezvimwe zvinhu, hutongi hwaTrump hwakagadzira chimiro chitsva chekubatanidza chinotungamirwa neboka reWhite House, ndokuzoshandura mubatanidzwa wemubatanidzwa kubva kuHealth and Human Services kuita FEMA. Mafambiro iwayo, akasanganiswa nerumwe rusaruro rwemamwe mabasa ekushanda, zvakaita kuti zviome kugadzira mhinduro yakabatanidzwa. Kunyangwe yekutanga data kuunganidzwa kubva kuzvipatara yekutevera kupararira kweiyo coronavirus yakakandwa mukusagadzikana nekuchinja.

Hutongi hweBiden hwave kupa simba masangano akakosha emubatanidzwa kuti adzokere kumabasa nemabasa avakagadzirirwa mukati mehurongwa hwekutonga njodzi yenyika.

Basa redu pachedu mukutarisira njodzi, pamwe chete nehurumende uye masangano asiri ehurumende, akatiratidza kuti kuvimbika kune nzira yakakodzera uye kuremekedzwa kwehunyanzvi kwakakosha pakugadzirisa njodzi. Maitiro ehutongi hweBiden padenda kusvika parizvino anoratidza kuti iyi ndiyo modhi yaichatevera.

Izvo federal emergency mhinduro yakagadzirirwa kuita

Nemagadzirirwo, iyo US federal system yekugadzirisa njodzi inogadzikiswa uye inoganhurwa.

Hurongwa uhu hwakarongwa kuitira kuti hurumende dzematunhu dzitungamirire mukugadzirisa njodzi uye kugadzirisa dambudziko renzvimbo. Asi kana dambudziko rikava dambudziko renjodzi, hurumende dzematunhu nehurumende dzinofanirwa kunge dzakagadzirira kupa rubatsiro rwemari nerumwe rutsigiro, kunyanya rubatsiro rwezvekushandisa.

FEMA, yakavambwa muna 1979 neMutungamiri Jimmy Carter, ine basa rakakosha semurongi wezve emergency emergency. Kungowana matunhu ese ehurumende kuti ashande pamwe chete zvine mutsindo, pamwe nemasangano akazvimiririra uye asina purofiti, zvinomiririra dambudziko guru. Matambudziko makuru pamusoro pemakore, kusanganisira Sept. 11 kurwiswa kwehugandanga, Hurricane Katrina muna 2005 uye Hurricane Sandy muna 2012, vakabatsira kunatsiridza mazano ehurumende uye maitiro uye kugadzirisa kugadzirira njodzi dzinouya - kusanganisira zvirwere.

Kugadzirira kwedenda kwave kuri chikamu chehurongwa hweUS emergency management kubvira 2003. Dambudziko reH1N1 bird flu muna 2009 rakakonzera kupasiswa kwemutemo wePandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Authorization Act muna 2013. Mutemo iwoyo wakagadza Health and Human Services semutungamiri wemubatanidzwa. agency, uye mutemo wakanangana nekuvandudzwa kwesimba rekuvhiya kwekurapa, denda rekudzivirira uye kuvandudzwa kwezvinodhaka nezvimwe.

Kugadzirisa denda kwakaoma kupfuura mamwe marudzi enjodzi. Kusiyana nemoto wemusango kana chamupupuri, chinorova imwe nzvimbo kwenguva yakati rebei, denda repasi rose rinofukidza zvese, richikanganisa masimba ese uye chikamu chese chehupfumi. Zvinoda kurongeka kwakanangana pakati pehutano hweveruzhinji uye mahofisi emhinduro dzechimbichimbi mukati mehurumende uye nemamwe madhiri akakosha sezvipatara.

Tichifunga nezvehukuru hweCOVID-19 denda, hurumende yemubatanidzwa kazhinji ingadai yakatungamira mukuronga mhinduro nerubatsiro. Panzvimbo iyoyo, hutongi hwaTrump hwakapa basa rekutanga rekupindura denda kuhurumende nehurumende dzenzvimbo, kunyangwe kugona kwavo kushoma.

Iyi nzira yaizotadza kubudirira. Yakavhiringa kushandiswa kweNational Response Framework uye yakagadzira nharaunda yemakwikwi kuhurumende dzematunhu nedzenzvimbo sezvavaitsvaga zvinhu. Yakaisa parutivi masangano ane chekuita nedenda, seCDC neNational Institute of Allergy uye Utachiona hwezvirwere, uye yakafuratira hurongwa hwemhinduro yedenda. Yakaitawo zvematongerwo enyika sarudzo dzekugovera zviwanikwa uye kudzikisira, kuburikidza nenhema, kukosha kwemaitiro ehutano hweveruzhinji sekupfeka masiki.

Kudzokera kwaBiden kune zvakasimbiswa maitiro

Tichipesana nemamiriro ezvinhu aya, kuyedza kwekutanga kweBiden kudzoka kune yakamiswa manejimendi yenjodzi kunosimbisa kukosha kwehutungamiriri hwehurongwa hwakaoma hunoshandiswa kugadzirisa matambudziko akaomarara.

Rondedzero yekuchinja mumwedzi kubva Biden yatora chigaro yakakura. Hutungamiri hwakapa hurongwa hwenyika hwakakwana hwekupindura denda. Yakawedzera kubatanidzwa kweFEMA neDhipatimendi reDziviriro kutsigira kugoverwa kwegomarara, yakawedzera bvunzo dzeCCIDID-19 kune vanhu vasina kuchengetedzwa uye vakajoinha World Health Organisation, iyo VaTrump vakaburitsa. Biden akakumbirawo Defence Production Act kuti iunganidze indasitiri yakazvimirira kuti ikwidze kugadzirwa kwematest kits, majekiseni uye zvekuzvidzivirira nazvo. Hutongi hwave kusimudzira hurongwa hwenyika hweCOVID-19 muCongress.

Hutongi hweBiden kukurumidza, kudzoreredza hurongwa hwehurumende yemubatanidzwa kugadzirisa denda iri rakafanana nemamwe matambudziko akaomarara, kusanganisira kugadzira hurongwa hwenyika hwekugadzirisa shanduko yemamiriro ekunze. Kuenderera mberi nekunatsa maitiro aya, kusanganisira manejimendi akakodzera ehurumende yemubatanidzwa, uye mari yeruzhinji ine chinangwa chekudzikisa njodzi inofanirwa kuve yakakosha kune manejimendi.

Hurukuro

Brian J. Gerber, Associate Purofesa, Watts College yePublic Service uye Community Solutions uye Co-Director, Center for Emergency Management uye Homeland Security, Arizona State University uye Melanie Gall, Clinical Purofesa uye Co-Director, Center for Emergency Management uye Homeland Security., Watts College, Arizona State University

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