Rural America Yakatarisana Nenyaya Yekuwana Kurapwa
Rural America Yakatarisana Nenyaya Yekuwana Kurapwa
Anonim

Kana chipatara chinovhara bhizinesi, ripple maitiro anowedzera pedyo nekure. Varwere varipo, chipatara chinovhara vagari vepedyo, zvivakwa zvekurapa zvinoitirwa vagari ava - vese vanomanikidzwa kuita sarudzo dzakasiyana, zvichienderana nekuvhara ikoko.

Vaongorori paYunivhesiti yeAlabama kuBirmingham (UAB) vakadzidza izvi ripple maitiro. Vakaongorora kuti kuvharwa kwechipatara muUS - 106 mumakore gumi apfuura - kwakakanganisa sei mabasa ekurapa. Vakaona kuti vamwe varwere vaive zvino vofamba kuenda kure kunobatsirwa nekukurumidzira, senge sitiroko kana chirwere chemoyo, vangangove vari kunze kwehwindo rekurapa.

"Zvatakawana zvakaratidza kuti kuvharwa kwezvipatara zvekumaruwa kwakakonzera kusvika ku1% yehuwandu hwevanhu vasingachakwanisi kuwana chipatara mukati memaminitsi e15, nguva inogona kuva yakakosha muhutano hwehutano hwakadai sekurwadziwa kwemoyo, sitiroko kana kukuvara kwakanyanya," akadaro Jan Jansen, MBBS, PhD, mutungamiriri weUAB's Center for Injury Sayenzi uye akabatana purofesa muchikamu cheDhipatimendi reSurgery yekuvhiya kwakanyanya. Chidzidzo chacho chakabudiswa mu Journal of Surgical Research.

Chikwata ichi chakaona kuti chikamu chimwe muzvitatu chezvipatara zvakavharwa zvaive zvinopfuura mamaira makumi maviri kubva panzvimbo yakavhurika iri pedyo. Hapana zvipatara zvitsva zvakavakwa kutsiva 106 zvakavhara. Dr. Jansen vakanyora kuti kukanganisa kwekuvharwa kungangove kwakakura. Chinoomesa nyaya iyi chimiro chevagari vemo: Zvipatara zvekumaruwa zvinowanzobatsira vanhu vakuru, varombo uye vanorwara. Uye, hongu, chikonzero nei 106 yakavharwa pakutanga yaive nekuda kwekunetsa kwemari mudunhu.

Chikwata chakaongorora 2010 Census data kuti vauye nezvavakawana. Dr. Jansen vanofungidzira kuti 812, 314 vanhu havana kukwanisa kusvika kuchipatara mukati memaminitsi gumi nemashanu. Vagari vanopfuura 470, 000 vaifanira kutyaira anopfuura maminetsi makumi matatu nokuda kwokutarisirwa; 85, 500 vagari, maminitsi 45; uye 22,000, awa imwe chete.

Zvizhinji zvezvipatara zvakavharwa muAlabama, Arkansas, Kentucky, Oklahoma, Tennessee neTexas. Vamwe vakavhara muFlorida, Maryland, New England states neavo vari pedyo neWest Coast. Texas yaive nezvipatara zvakavharwa zvakanyanya negumi nenomwe, ichiteverwa neTennessee ine gumi nerimwe.

Impact paActive Hospitals

Zvipatara zvasara kurapa varwere vakadzingwa zvakare zvinosangana nematambudziko matsva kune vese vashandi nevarwere. Chidzidzo chakaburitswa muRhode Island Medical Journal yakaongorora mhedzisiro yekuvharwa kwechipatara chimwe pamadhipatimendi emunharaunda ekukurumidzira.

Dhipatimendi rekukurumidzira reChirangaridzo Chipatara cheRhode Island rakavhara musi waJanuary 1, 2018. Vatsvakurudzi vakaongorora izvi zvinokonzerwa nemadhipatimendi ekukurumidzira paMiriam Hospital, Rhode Island Hospital uye Newport Hospital. Kuvharwa kwakawedzera huwandu hwenyaya dzedhipatimendi rekukurumidzira muzvipatara izvi, nguva yekugara, uye huwandu hwevarwere vanobuda vasina kutariswa.

Denda iri riri kuita kuti zviomere vashandi vehutano kubata nyaya dzakawanda dzekurapa. Nekudaro, kudzikira kwezvipatara zvemumaruwa zvinogona kukonzera njodzi huru, sezvo huwandu hwevarwere vakadzingwa hunogona kukurira zvipatara izvo zvinoramba zvakavhurika.

Zvakatonyanya kuipa, vanhu vanogona kusarudza kusatarisira, kunyanya avo vasingakwanise kuita mafoni efoni nachiremba. Makiriniki akawanda nezvipatara zvinodiwa kuti vatarisire zvinodiwa nevarwere zviri nani uye kuvandudza kuwanikwa kwemabasa ekurapwa.

Ralph Chen anofarira misoro yekurapa uye matekinoroji epamberi. Paanenge asinganyore, anoshandisa nguva achitamba mitambo yePC yakakurumbira.

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