Kufa Kwedoro MuUS Kwave Kusvika Pamatanho Anotyisa
Kufa Kwedoro MuUS Kwave Kusvika Pamatanho Anotyisa
Anonim

Kusatariswa pamberi pechirwere cheopioid chinopisa moyo idambudziko redoro riri kuwedzera kuuraya vanhu vekuAmerica gore rega rega. Muna 2017, 2.6 muzana ye2.8 miriyoni vakafa muUnited States - kana pedyo ne73, 000 vakafa - vaisanganisira doro, maererano nehuwandu kubva kuUS National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) yakataurwa muchidzidzo chitsva pamusoro pechiitiko ichi chinosuwisa..

Iyo data yakafanana inoratidza kuwedzera kukuru kwegore negore kwekufa kwakaitika pakati pevakadzi vechichena. Pakati pevarume, uwandu hwevakafa dzine chekuita nedoro hwakanyanya pakati pevasiri veHispanic (NH) vekuAmerican maIndia kana Alaska Natives, uye pakati pevarume vari muboka rezera re45 kusvika ku74.

Inenge hafu yekufa kwakabatana nedoro kwakakonzerwa nechirwere chechiropa kana kuwandisa kwedoro chete kana nemamwe madhiragi. Chirwere chechiropa chakakonzera kufa kwe22, 245 kana 30.7 muzana yehuwandu, asi kuwandisa kwedoro chete kana nemimwe zvinodhaka kwakasvika 17,9 muzana kana 12, 954 vakafa.

Nhoroondo yeNCHS inoratidza kuti kubva muna 1999 na2017, nzufu dzine chokuita nedoro dzakakwira kubva pavanenge 36, 000 pagore kusvika pavanenge 73, 000. Ndiyo vamwe 944, 880 vakafa nedoro kwemakore asingasviki makumi maviri. Inenge 1 muvashanu anofa akanyanyodyisa anosanganisira kunwisa.

"Isu tinokanganwa nezvedoro nekuti ravepo kwenguva yakareba, asi rine zvigunwe zvese pamusoro pekuwedzera kwerufu rwekufa kwekupererwa," Aaron White, nyanzvi yezveuropiyo kuUS National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, akadaro. "Isu tinofunga zvinoratidzwa nedata izvi ndizvo zvatakaziva isu sechikoro kwenguva yakati rebei, zvekuti doro rinokonzeresa kukuvadza munharaunda yedu.

Vati ndufu dzinokonzerwa nedoro dzine chekuita nekupererwa -- kurasikirwa netariro, kurasikirwa nemabasa nemikana yebasa, kuwedzera kwekushushikana. Kushaya tariro kunotungamirira kukushandisa zvinodhaka nekudhakwa. White haasati aziva kuti sei kufa kwedoro kuri kuwedzera zvachose.

"Ndinoshuva kuti dai ndawana mhinduro yakanaka, asi ini handidaro," akadaro White.

Vakataura kuti kusvika zvikonzero zvendufu idzi zvazivikanwa, nzira chete yekubatsira vanhu ndeyekuwedzera zvekushandisa pakurapwa vakapindwa muropa.

Chidzidzo chacho chinoratidza kuwedzera kunotyisa mukufa kwekuora mwoyo muUnited States, akadaro Dr. JC Garbutt, purofesa wepfungwa paYunivhesiti yeNorth Carolina School of Medicine's Bowles Center yeAlcohol Studies, uyo akanga asiri chikamu chekudzidza.

Garbutt akati zvikonzero zvekupererwa zvakaoma, "asi zvinogona kunge zvine chekuita nekurasikirwa kwekuchengetedza basa, kudonha kwemari, kupatsanuka kwenharaunda uye kuzviparadzanisa nevamwe uye mamwe matambudziko emagariro anokonzerwa nekushanduka kwehupfumi hwenyika uye nekuchinja tsika.

Akataura kuti doro rinopa maitiro ekugadzirisa kwenguva pfupi. Doro rinoderedzawo kufunganya uye kukakavara kwekanguva. Iyo dzimwe nguva inosimudzira manzwiro, inoderedza marwadzo uye inotungamira kupfupi kuzorora kubva mukunetsekana kweumwe.

Nyaya yekuti vakadzi vakawanda vekuAmerica vari kufa nekudhakwa nedoro inonyanya kutyisa, akadaro ongororo.

"Vakadzi vari panjodzi huru kupfuura varume pahuwandu hwekudhakwa kwedoro kuzvirwere zvemoyo zvine chekuita nedoro, mamwe magomarara, chirwere chechiropa chinokonzerwa nedoro uye kutadza kushanda kwechiropa zvakanyanya nekuda kwekunwisa," maererano nekudzidza.

Izvi zvinogona kunge zvakakonzerwa ne physiology yevakadzi. "Nekuda kwekuti vakadzi vanosvika padanho repamusoro redoro reropa kupfuura varume vane huremu hwakafanana mushure mekunwa doro rakaenzana, matishu emuviri wavo anowanikwa kune doro rakawanda uye acetaldehyde, ine chepfu metabolite yedoro, mushure mekunwa kwega kwega," akadaro chidzidzo.

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