Kuponesa Vanamai, Hupenyu Hwevacheche Munyika Yose Kunongoda $5 Chete Pamunhu
Kuponesa Vanamai, Hupenyu Hwevacheche Munyika Yose Kunongoda $5 Chete Pamunhu
Anonim

Utano hwaamai nevacheche hwakaona kuvandudzika kwakawanda mumakumi emakore achangopfuura, ndufu dzaamai dzichidzika nechikamu chinosvika 44 muzana pakati pa1990 na2015, uye ndufu dzevacheche dzakadzikira kubva pa8,9 miriyoni pagore muna 1990 kusvika pamamiriyoni 4,5 muna 2015. Zvisinei, pachine basa rinofanira kuitwa., kunyanya munyika dzichiri kusimukira umo 95 muzana yenzufu dzaamai nevacheche pasi rose dzinoitika.

Ongororo itsva kubva kuvatsvaguri vepaJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health yakaona kuti kushandisa mari isingasviki madhora mashanu pamunhu pamabasa ehutano ekutanga sekudzivirira kubata pamuviri, zvinovaka muviri, uye mishonga zvinogona kuponesa mamirioni ehupenyu hwaamai nehucheche uhu. Vatsvagiri vakati izvi zvinogona kuitwa nekuwedzera mabasa ehutano munyika makumi manomwe neina uko kufa uku kwakajairika.

Muna 2000, United Nations yakatungamira nyika dzakawanda mukuzadzisa zvinangwa zveMillennium Development zvakawanda zvine chinangwa chekusimudzira utano hweveruzhinji pasi rose, zviviri zvacho zvaitaura nezvekufa kwemadzimai panguva yekusununguka nevana. Zvinangwa izvi zvinoda kudzikiswa kwezvikamu zviviri kubva muzvitatu zvekufa kwevana kubva muna 1990, uye kudzikiswa nezvikamu zvitatu kubva muzvina kufa kwemadzimai panguva yekusununguka. Zvisinei nekuvandudzwa, nyika haina kusvika pazviyero izvi - huwandu hwekufa kwevana vari pasi pemakore mashanu hwakadzikira nehafu chete, uye kufa kwemadzimai panguva yekusununguka kwakadzikira nechikamu chimwe chete.

"Dzizhinji dzenzufu idzi dzingadai dzakadzivirira kana mhinduro dzepamusoro uye dzisingadhuri dzakasvika kune vanhu vaidzida zvakanyanya," akadaro mutungamiri wezvidzidzo Dr. Robert Black, purofesa muDhipatimendi reInternational Health paBloomberg School. "Ongororo yedu inoratidza kuti kuwedzera kuwaniswa kwekuchengetwa kuti vanaamai nevana varambe vari vapenyu uye vane hutano zvinogoneka uye mari inodhura."

Masayendisiti akaongorora zvinogona kuitika pamapaketi matatu ekuchengeta akakosha - hutano hwaamai nevachangozvarwa, hutano hwemwana, uye hutano hwekuzvara. Kupindira uku kwaisanganisira kuvandudzwa kwepamuviri nekuchengetwa kwekusununguka, pamwe nekurapwa kwezvirwere zvinotapukira zvine njodzi semabayo, manyoka, uye marariya. Pasuru yehutano hwaamai nevachangozvarwa pamwe nepasuru yehutano hwevana pamwe chete inogona kuponesa hupenyu hunosvika mamirioni mana kana ikawedzerwa kusvika pazvikamu makumi mapfumbamwe kubva muzana zvehuwandu hwakanangwa, ongororo yakawana.

Chikwata chakatarisa pasuru yekubereka zvakasiyana. Kuwedzerwa kwekuwaniswa kwenzira dzekudzivirira kubata pamuviri kwaizozadzisa kudiwa kusingazadziswe kwekuronga mhuri, zvichigona kuchengetedza hupenyu hunodarika miriyoni imwe nehafu gore rega rega nekudzivirira nhumbu mamirioni makumi maviri nemasere, vaongorori vakadaro.

Masevhisi ehutano kubva mumapaketi ese matatu aive nemhedzisiro yakakura aisanganisira kuchengetwa kwevana vasati vazvarwa, kutonga kwekushaya chikafu chakakomba, kupa nzira dzekudzivirira kubata pamuviri, kutonga kwekuzvara, uye kurapwa kwehutachiona. Izvi zvingaite senge boka rinodhura rekupindira, asi vanyori vezvidzidzo vanofungidzira kuti mapakeji ese matatu anogona kukwidziridzwa kusvika makumi mapfumbamwe muzana evakatarwa nekudyara kwemabhiriyoni mazana matanhatu emadhora munyika dzine mari yakaderera, madhora gumi nemaviri kusvika pakati. -Income nyika, uye $8 bhiriyoni munyika dzepamusoro-kusvika pakati penyika dzine mari. Izvi zvakaenzana neavhareji yekudyara yemadhora 4.70 pamunhu.

"Nemari isingasviki madhora mashanu pamunhu, masevhisi ehutano akakosha anogona kusvika kune vanhu vanonyanya kuada," Black akadaro. "Vashandi vehutano munharaunda kana nzvimbo dzekutanga dzehutano vanogona kuendesa akawanda emasevhisi aya, izvo zvinoderedza mutengo wekuwedzera kuvharwa."

Mutema akacherekedza kuti mukana wekusimudzira mapindiro aya unoenda zvakanyanya kupfuura hutano: Kunatsiridza kutarisirwa panguva yekuzvarwa kunogona kupa kudzoka kwekatatu pakudyara nekuchengetedza hupenyu, kudzivirira kuzvara mwana akafa, uye kudzivirira hurema. Kuisa mari mukudya kunovaka muviri kunogonawo kubatsira vana kuti vasvike pakugona kwavo kuziva.

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