Vashoma Kutenda Kwevakadzi Kuti Kenza 'Inofarirwa' Inogona Kuve Nemhedzisiro Yakashata
Vashoma Kutenda Kwevakadzi Kuti Kenza 'Inofarirwa' Inogona Kuve Nemhedzisiro Yakashata
Anonim

Vakadzi vashoma vanotarisana nematambudziko mazhinji ehutano akasiyana, uye vaongorori vanobva kuUnited Kingdom vanogona kunge vachangobva kuwedzera imwe kune iyo rondedzero - maonero asina kunaka epfungwa pakuongororwa kenza.

Chidzidzo ichi, chakaburitswa nemasayendisiti kubva kuCancer Research UK Health Behavior Research Center, yakavakirwa paUniversity College London (UCL), yakawana kuti vakadzi vanobva kumadzinza madiki muUK vangangotenda kuti kubatwa negomarara "kwaizoitika" uye kuti mamiriro avo hairapike. Chikwata ichi chinotenda kuti izvi zvinogona kutsanangura kuti sei vakadzi vashoma verudzi vasingawanzoona chiremba wavo nezvezviratidzo zvegomarara, uye mukana wekuti vatariswe gomarara. Tsvagiridzo iyi yaisanganisira vakadzi vechichena vekuBritain, Caribbean, Africa, Indian, Pakistani, uye Bangladeshi vakadzi.

Kutya kenza uye kufatalism kwainyanya kuve kwakakwira muvakadzi vemapoka madiki. Pakati pe26 ne38 muzana yevakadzi vashoma vedzinza vaitenda kuti cancer hairapike, nepo pasina vakadzi vechichena vekuBritain vakatenda izvi. Inenge hafu yevakadzi veIndia, Pakistani, uye Bangladeshi - 50 muzana, 52 muzana, uye 63 muzana zvichiteerana - vaidavira kuti kubatwa nekenza ndiko kwaiva “kuguma kwavo,” pamwe chete nechinenge chikamu chimwe muzvina chevakadzi veCaribbean. Zvitanhatu muzana chete zvevakadzi vechichena vekuBritain vakafunga nezvemamiriro ezvinhu nenzira iyi.

Vakadzi vakatamira kuUK vachiri vana, zvisinei nekwakabva dzinza, vainyanya kunetseka kana kunzwa kusagadzikana kufunga nezvegomarara kupfuura vakadzi vakaberekerwa kuUK: 30 muzana zvichienzaniswa negumi neshanu muzana. Muitiro wakafanana wakaitika muvakadzi vasingagoni kutaura Chirungu zvakanaka (31 muzana zvichienzaniswa ne19 muzana yevakadzi vaitaura Chirungu zvakanaka) uye vakadzi vakawana zvakaoma kunzwisisa ruzivo rwehutano (35 muzana zvichienzaniswa ne18 muzana).

Ongororo yapfuura ichishandisa vakadzi vakafanana, vane data kubva kushumiro yesampling Ethnic Focus, yakawana kuti avo vanobva kumarudzi madiki kwakasiyana vaive nemukana wekuuya kunoongororwa cervical kupfuura vakadzi vechichena vekuBritain.

"Zvinotyisa kuona huwandu hwakadai hwevakadzi vachitya cancer," akadaro munyori anotungamira wekudzidza Charlotte Vrinten, anobva kuCancer Research UK Health Behavior Research Center, mukuburitswa kwenhau. “Tinoziva kuti kutya gomarara kunoreva kuti vamwe vanhu vadzivise kutora chikamu mukuvhenekwa gomarara kana kuona chiremba wavo vaine zviratidzo, uye pane humbowo kuti izvi ndezvechokwadi kuvakadzi vechichena nevanobva kumadzinza madiki zvakare. Izvi zvingava zvechokwadi kunyanya kana vakadzi vachidavirawo kuti hapana chinogona kuitwa nezvegomarara.”

Vriten akatsanangura kuti kutya kusingakodzeri kwegomarara kunogona kukanganisa vakadzi hupenyu hwavo kana zvichireva kudzivirira kuongororwa kana kuona vashandi vekurapa vane zviratidzo. Akataura kuti zvakakosha kugovera meseji yekuti mhedzisiro yegomarara iri kuita nani, uye kuti gomarara harifanirwe kusangana nemhando imwechete yekuuraya kwayaimboita.

Jayshree Jhala, ane makore makumi manomwe nemasere akararama kenza yemazamu, akatsinhira manzwiro aya.

"Mushure mekupora kubva mukurapwa kwangu ndakafunga kuti ndaida kuisa ruzivo rwangu mukubatsira mamwe madzimai munharaunda yekuAsia," akadaro mukutaura. “Ndaifunga kuti kana betsero yangu yaigona kuponesa upenyu hwomumwe munhu ipapo ndakanga ndaita mutsauko. Mubasa rangu ndinoona kuti vamwe vanhu havadi kugovana zvavanosangana nazvo uye kuchengeta hurwere hwavo sechakavanzika sezvo vachinzwa kuti vanhu vanozofunga zvakaipa nezvavo…muzuva ranhasi - apo mishonga netsvagiridzo zvabudirira zvikuru - gomarara harifanirwe. haisati yaonekwa sechinhu chinonyangadza kana semutongo werufu.

SourceL Vrinten et al. Kutya cancer uye kufatalism pakati pevakadzi vashoma vakadzi muUK. British Journal yeCancer. 2016.

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