Opioid Overdoses Haisi Yega Yakakura Munguva pfupi yapfuura
Opioid Overdoses Haisi Yega Yakakura Munguva pfupi yapfuura
Anonim

Kufunga nezvechirwere cheAmerica chezvinodhaka kunowanzo kutariswa zvakanyanya pakufa kwe overdose kubva kumaopioid, uye nechikonzero chakanaka. Kunyangwe heroin nemishonga inopedza marwadzo iri dambudziko, nzufu dzinokonzerwa nebenzodiazepine overdoses dzave kuwedzera.

Benzodiazepines ikirasi yezvinonyaradza zvinosanganisira Valium, Xanax uye Klonopin. Anofungidzirwa kuti munhu mumwe chete pavanhu vakuru makumi maviri vokuUnited States anozadza mushonga webenzo mukati megore, mushonga unowanzopiwa kurapa funganyo, kusagadzikana kwezvinyamusi, uye kushaya hope. Vatsvagiri paAlbert Einstein College yeMishonga, Montefiore Health System uye Perelman Chikoro cheMishonga paYunivhesiti yePennsylvania vakatarisa mafambiro enyika mumirairo yebenzo uye kuuraya kubva kumishonga, izvo zvishoma zvaimbozivikanwa.

"Takaona kuti nhamba yekufa kubva mukuwedzeredza kunosanganisira benzodiazepines, inozivikanwawo se'benzos,' yakawedzera zvakapetwa kane kubva muna 1996 - dambudziko rehutano hwevanhu rakapinda pasi pe radar," akadaro Dr. Marcus Bachhuber, munyori mukuru we chidzidzo uye mubatsiri purofesa wemishonga kuEinstein uye kuenda kuchiremba, mushonga wemukati, kuMontefiore, mune chirevo. "Kuwedzeredza kubva kubenzodiazepines kwawedzera nekukurumidza kupfuura zvirevo zvemishonga, zvichiratidza kuti vanhu vanga vachiitora nenzira ine ngozi nekufamba kwenguva."

Boka rekutsvagisa rakatarisa kune maviri masosi e data pamusoro pekushandiswa kwebenzo uye kuuraya: The Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, iyo inopa mumiriri wenyika sampuli yekutenga kwehutano kusanganisira zvinodhaka zvinodhaka; uye mishumo yechikonzero-yekufa kubva kuCenters for Disease Control and Prevention. Ongororo yacho yakaratidza kuti nhamba yevanhu vakuru vanotenga mushonga webenzodiazepine yakawedzera ne67 muzana munguva yemakore 18 pakati pe1996 ne2013. Kune avo vane mishonga, avhareji yehuwandu yakazadzwa mugore rose yakapetwa kaviri. Chinonyanya kushungurudza, huwandu hwekufa kwepamusoro hwakawedzera kubva pakufa kwe0.58 pa100, 000 vanhu vakuru muna 1996 kusvika pakufa 3.14 pa100, 000 vakuru muna 2013.

"Huwandu hukuru hwe benzodiazepines hwakanyorerwa varwere - kupfuura zvakapetwa kaviri panguva - hunoratidza mwero wepamusoro wezuva nezuva kana mamwe mazuva ekurapwa, izvo zvinogona kuwedzera njodzi yekuuraya zvakanyanya," akatsanangura Dr. Joanna Starrels, munyori mukuru uye mubatsiri purofesa wemishonga kuEinstein uye chiremba anoenda, mushonga wemukati kuMontefiore.

Starrels akapa vaviri tsananguro dzinogona kuitika dzekuwedzera kwekufa kwebenzodiazepine.

"Vanhu vari panjodzi huru yekuuraya zvakanyanya vanogona kunge vachiwana yakatsauswa benzodiazepines (kwete kubva kune vekurapa) uye tinoziva kuti kubatanidza benzodiazepines nedoro kana zvinodhaka - kusanganisira opioid painkillers - zvinogona kutungamirira kukuuraya kwakanyanya," akadaro, achicherechedzawo kuti opioid inotsanangura rose. panguva yekudzidza zvakare, uye kuti maopioid anobatanidzwa mu75 muzana yezviitiko zve overdose zvinosanganisira mabenzo.

Vatsvagiri vanokurudzira kusimbisa njodzi yekuwedzeredza kana uchitora benzodiazepines neopioid painkillers kana nedoro, pamwe nekupa zano rekurapa rekutaura seimwe nzira yebenzos yekurapa kusagadzikana.

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