Ichi ndicho chikonzero maAmericans asiri kurarama kwenguva yakareba sezvavanofanira kunge vari
Ichi ndicho chikonzero maAmericans asiri kurarama kwenguva yakareba sezvavanofanira kunge vari
Anonim

Hupenyu hunotarisirwa, pakati pezvimwe zviverengero zvinosanganisira kufa kwemadzimai panguva yekuzvitakura, ndechimwe chiyero chinotemerwa budiriro yenyika munharaunda yehutano. Hupenyu hwepamusoro hunotarisirwa hunoenderana nehupenyu hwepamusoro uye hutano huri nani. United States inoonekwa seyakasimukira, nyika ine mari yakawanda, asi vagari vekuAmerica vanoona hupenyu hwakaderera pakuzvarwa pane dzimwe nyika dzakawanda dzine mari yakawanda, maererano netsvagiridzo itsva.

Tsvagiridzo zhinji nezve tarisiro yehupenyu inzvimbo pane makumi mashanu uye vanhu vakuru uye kufa kwavo. Nekudaro, yakawanda yepakati pekutarisira pakati peU. Kufa kwekutanga uku kunodzorwa nekufa kwekukuvara, saka Dr. Andrew Fenelon weNational Center for Health Statistics nevamwe vaaishanda navo vakasarudza kufungidzira mupiro wezvikonzero zvitatu zvakakura zvekukuvadzwa kufa kune gaka rehupenyu hunotarisirwa pakati peU.S. uye 12 nyika dzakaenzana.

Vatsvakurudzi vakatarisa zvitatu zvepamusoro zvakakonzera kufa kwekukuvara kweUS - tsaona dzemotokari, kukuvara kwakabatana nepfuti, uye chepfu yezvinodhaka. Zvikonzero izvi zvinokonzeresa nzufu dzinodarika 100 000 gore rega rega. Chikwata ichi chakaunganidza huwandu kubva kuUS National Vital Statistics System uye World Health Organisation Mortality Database, uye yakaverenga huwandu hwevanhu vanofa nezera, bonde, uye chikonzero chenyika gumi nembiri dzine mari yakawanda pamwe chete neUS: Austria, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, neUnited Kingdom.

Fenelon nevamwe vake vakawana kuti varume vari munyika dzekuenzanisa vaive nemukana wemakore 2.2 wekurarama kupfuura varume vekuUS (78.6 years vs 76.4 years). Vakadzi vakawana mukana iwoyo chaiwo, pamakore 83.4 mukuenzanisa nyika vs 81.2 makore muUS Zvikonzero zvekukuvadza zverufu zvakakonzeresa 48 muzana yemukana wenguva yehupenyu pakati pevarume - kukuvadzwa kwepfuti kunoverengera 21 muzana, zvinodhaka ppisonings pa14 muzana., uye kubondera kwemotokari pa13 muzana. Kuvakadzi, zvikonzero zvitatu izvi zvakakonzera chikamu che19 kubva muzana chemukana, ne4 muzana kubva pfuti, 9 muzana kubva muchepfu yezvinodhaka, uye 6 muzana kubva mukubondera.

Kakawanda, zvitatu zvepamusoro zvinokuvadza zvakakonzera 6 muzana yevakafa pakati pevarume veU.S. uye 3 muzana pakati pevakadzi veU.S. Huwandu hwekufa kweUS kubva kune zvinokuvadza hwakapfuura idzo munyika dzese dzekuenzanisa.

"Kunyange zvazvo zvikonzero zvekusiyana kwehupenyu hunotarisirwa pakuberekwa pakati peUnited States nedzimwe nyika dzakafanana zvakaoma, chikamu chikuru chemukana uyu chinoratidza zvikonzero zvitatu zvekukuvara," vanyori vakanyora.

Tsvagiridzo inoonekwa muKukadzi 9 chinyorwa cheJAMA.

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