IBM Microchip Inogona Kutevedzera Uropi Hwevanhu; Vatsvagiri Vari Kushanda Kuti Vaite Kuti Idzidze Kuburikidza Nechiitiko
IBM Microchip Inogona Kutevedzera Uropi Hwevanhu; Vatsvagiri Vari Kushanda Kuti Vaite Kuti Idzidze Kuburikidza Nechiitiko
Anonim

Unoitei nemicrochip inokwanisa kutevedzera uropi hwemunhu? Kuonekwa chero chinhu. Masayendisiti ari kuseri kweTrueNorth, chip yakashongedzwa nemamiriyoni eeuroni uye masinapses, inofanotaura kuti ichi chinokatyamadza chidimbu chesilicon chichashandiswa kune zvigadzirwa kubva kumagirazi emapofu kune asingatyairi mota. zvinoita sokuti pfungwa youngwaru hwokugadzira ingangokurumidza kuva yechokwadi.

Iyo TrueNorth ine nharo yeramangwana remagetsi, naDharmendra Modha, munyori-mubatanidzwa wechidzidzo ichi achitsanangura kugadzirwa kwechip, achiitsanangura se "muchina mutsva wenguva itsva." Iyo chip chigadzirwa cheBMM vaongorori, Samsung tekinoroji, uye hongu mari yeDARPA, Yakakurumbira Mechanics yakashuma. Masayendisiti emakombuta anonyanya kufarira sainzi manyepo pamwoyo uye iyo TrueNorth chip mhedziso yezviroto zvavo zvehupenyu hwese kugadzira komputa inoshanda sehuropi hwemunhu. Vatsvagiri vakakwereta pfungwa kubva kuhuropi hwedu biology, sekugona kwayo kubatanidza ayo angangoita 100 bhiriyoni neuroni, seyakanyanya kutarisisa yedhizaini yeTrueNorth.

Chii chinoita kuti TrueNorth "ive itsva zvachose architecture ye microchips," ndiwo magadzirirwo ayo akasiyana. Mazhinji ma microchips anowanzo anoshandisa inonzi Von Neumann architecture. TrueNorth inobvisa kubva kune iyi tsika yemazuva ano nekunyatsotevedzera maitiro chaiwo ehuropi uye kuva neurosynaptic core yayo inotungamirirwa chete. kana chaja yemagetsi yasvika pamutengo chaiwo.Izvi hazvingochengetedze simba chete, asi zvinoita kuti chip chishande zvakanyanya.

"Zvinofadza kuona yakakura-yeuromorphic computing ichisvika munharaunda yesainzi zvachose," Michael Schhumuker, nyanzvi yezveuropiyo uye sainzi wekombuta kubva kuFree University yeBerlin akaudza Popular Mechanics.

Kunyangwe iyo chip's engineering ichikatyamadza, izvo zvazvinogona kuita ndicho chikamu chinokatyamadza zvechokwadi. Iwo neural network uye neuromorphic chips muTrueNorth akanakira kuziva mifananidzo. Mumiyedzo chip yakakwanisa kuona vanhu, mota, marori nemabhazi. "Masayendisiti anoti chip ichi chine mukana unoshamisa: Inogona kushandiswa mumagirazi kune vasingaone, mifananidzo yekurapa inogona kuona zviratidzo zvekutanga zvechirwere, uye kunyange mota dzisina mutyairi," Modha akatsanangura.

TrueNorth haina kuitirwa kutsiva yanhasi komputa chip asi kuti iwedzere kushanda kwayo nekushanda pamwe neagara aripo tekinoroji. "Marudzi maviri emakomputa anoitirwa kuti aende pamwechete, senge yin neyang kana mukaka nemakuki," anodaro Modha.

Zvino kugadzirisa mubvunzo uri mupfungwa dzemunhu wese: ndeye TrueNorth nhanho yekutanga kune inoshanda zvakanyanya huchenjeri hwekugadzira? Vagadziri vacho havana kunyatsobata nyaya iyi asi vakataura kuti ramangwana reTrueNorth richave rakanangana nekugonesa zviitiko kuchinja chip. Mune mamwe mazwi ivo vanoda kupa TrueNorth kugona kudzidza. Zvechokwadi kusikwa kwekombiyuta inodzidza kuburikidza nechiitiko chinongova chinangwa panguva ino. Vatsvagiri veTrueNorth vanoda kubatana nemamwe masayendisiti ekombuta kuti vabatsire kuona chinangwa ichi. "Tinoda nharaunda yakakura yevagadziri vanogadzira neuromorphic mhinduro kumatambudziko anoshanda emakomputa," akapedzisa Schhumuker.

SourceL Modha DS, Merolla PA, Arthur JV, et al. Mamirioni spiking-neuron yakabatanidzwa redunhu ine scalable kutaurirana network uye interface. Sayenzi. 2014

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