Baba Vanogadzira 3-D Yakadhindwa Ruwoko RweProsthetic YeMwanakomana Ane Zvigunwe Zvisipo
Baba Vanogadzira 3-D Yakadhindwa Ruwoko RweProsthetic YeMwanakomana Ane Zvigunwe Zvisipo
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Kudhinda kwe3-D kunogona kudhura, asi kana kuchienzaniswa nemutengo wakajairika weiyo prosthetic implant, inogona kuve iri nyore, inoshanda nzira yekugadzira midziyo yekurapa yepamba pachidimbu chemutengo. Kudhindirwa kumba kwe3-D yekushandiswa kwekurapa ndizvo zvakaitwa naPaul McCarthy, baba vemakore gumi nemaviri vasina zvigunwe paruoko rwavo rwekuruboshwe.

Leon McCarthy zvino anogona kubata mabhodhoro emvura, zvinyoreso, uye midziyo achishandisa ruoko rwake rweruboshwe rwaimbova rusina basa, rwakashanduka kuita rwaanodaidza kuti “cyborg” ruwoko. McCarthy akatenga printa yemadhora zviuru zviviri kuti apedzise chirongwa chake, asi zvekushandisa paruoko zvinongoita madhora gumi chete.

Dhizaini yeruoko rweprosthetic, iyo yakaiswa mahara online, yakabva mukubatana kweSouth Africa Richard Van As uye Washington-based Ivan Owen. Vaviri ava vakabatana mushure meimwe yemavhidhiyo aOwen ekuvaka ruoko rwemuchina wepamba rwakaenda kuhutachiona. Van As, murume wekurudyi uyo akanga arasikirwa neminwe mina paruoko rwake rworudyi mutsaona yehuni, akabatana naOwen ane tarisiro yekugadzira 3-D yakadhindwa prosthetic pachake pamba, sezvo aida chimwe chinhu chisingadhuri. Mushure mekubudirira kushanda pamwe chete purojekiti, vakaenderera mberi nekubatana pakugadzira nekuvaka maoko emagetsi, kana "Robohands," yevana vanozvarwa vasina zvigunwe. Ruoko rwomuchina rwavakagadzira kumwana ane makore mashanu okukura anonzi Liam runodhura zvishoma kudarika $150, musiyano wakajeka kubva pamutengo we $10,000 chaiwo pamunwe mumwe chete weprothetic.

Maprinta e-3-D akura kuti ave anobatsira munyika yezvokurapa, zvese pakati pevakagadzirwa kumba, vagadziri veamateur uye makambani ebiomedical ari kuyedza mashandisiro matsva eiyo 3-D kudhinda maitiro. Kare muna Kurume, murwere akakwanisa kuita kuti 75 muzana yedehenya rake idzorerwe ne 3-D yakadhindwa implant. Mainjiniya eOxford Performance Materials muConnecticut vakagadzira dehenya re3-D mushure mekupenengura dehenya remurume uyu nekurigadzira chaizvo zvichibva pane izvo scans. Dehenya racho raidhindwa richiita layer by layer. Mamwe makambani akaita seOrganovo anokwanisa kugadzira 3-D tishu modhi yekutsvagisa nekushandisa zvinodhaka, uye vanovavarira kupedzisira vagadzira matishu ekutapurirana chaiko. Vatsvakurudzi vepaYunivhesiti yeMichigan vakagadzirawo 3-D yakadhindwa tracheal splint yemwana akaberekwa aine tracheobronchomalacia, mamiriro ekuva nemhepo isina simba, uye akatsvaga mvumo kubva kune Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Nekusimuka kwe3-D kushandiswa kwekudhinda mukurapa, iyo FDA ichave ichiwedzera mirau yayo yemidziyo yakadaro. Parizvino, iyo FDA inoongorora iyo 3-D yakadhindwa biomedical zvinhu nenzira imwechete yainoita yakajairika michina yekurapa. "Isu tinoongorora michina yese, kusanganisira chero inoshandisa tekinoroji yekudhinda ye3-D, kuchengetedza uye kushanda, uye kubatsirwa kwakakodzera uye kutsunga njodzi, zvisinei nehunyanzvi hwekugadzira hunoshandiswa," mutauriri weFDA, Susan Laine akaudza LiveScience. "Mune zvimwe zviitiko, tingangoda kuti vagadziri vatipe imwe data, zvichienderana nekuoma kwechishandiso."

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