Yakakwira BMI, Kuwedzera Huremu Kwakabatana Nekuipa Kwekudya Kwemanheru Tsika Mumhuri: Maitiro Ekuchengetedza Nguva Yekudya Hutano
Yakakwira BMI, Kuwedzera Huremu Kwakabatana Nekuipa Kwekudya Kwemanheru Tsika Mumhuri: Maitiro Ekuchengetedza Nguva Yekudya Hutano
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Hondo yekurwisa denda rekufutisa muUS inogona kutora zvinopfuura kungocheka pazvikamu zvekudya uye kuverenga macalorie. Vanhu vekuAmerica vangangofanira kugadzirisa madyiro avo. Mhuri dzinotora chikamu mutsika dzisina kunaka dzekudya kwemanheru dzakadai sekudya uchiona terevhizheni dzine chekuita nehigh body mass index (BMI) uye kuwedzera uremu, maererano neongororo yazvino.

Vana vanowanwa kuva vanokarirwa kuzvinhu zvinopesvedzera uremu hwomuviri, zvakadai sezvokudya zvisina kutsarukana, kuona terevhizheni zvakanyanyisa, uye kurovedza muviri kushomanene uye kurara mumba. Chikafu chekuMadokero - kazhinji, chikafu chikuru chakakwira muzviyo zvakanatswa, nyama tsvuku, mafuta asina hutano, uye zvinwiwa zvine shuga - inoonekwa sechimwe chezvikonzero zvikuru zvinokonzeresa denda rekufutisa munyika, sekureva kweHarvard School of Public Health.. Nekudaro, terevhizheni yakawandisa - yakabatana nekukurudzira chikafu chekuMadokero chisina kunaka kuburikidza nechikafu uye chinwiwa kushambadzira - pamwe nekudya kwemanheru kunogadzira njodzi yakanyanya yekufutisa.

Kubudisa mumagazini inonzi Obesity, vatsvakurudzi vakatsvaga kuona kuti tsika dzisina kunaka dzekudya kwemanheru mumhuri dzinokanganisa sei uremu hwevana. Chidzidzo ichi chakaongorora hukama pakati pemitambo yemhuri yemazuva ese uye BMI yevabereki 190 nevana 148. Vabereki vevatori vechikamu vakapedza mubvunzo maererano nemaitiro emhuri yese panguva yekudya. Vabereki vakabvunzwa mibvunzo yakadai sokuti mazuva mangani avaiita zvinhu panguva yezvokudya, zvakadai sokukurukura zuva ravo, mukati mevhiki. Pakupedzwa kwegwaro remibvunzo, uremu uye urefu hwevabereki nevana zvakanyorwa.

Kuwirirana kwakasimba kwakawanikwa pakati pemitambo yekudya kwemanheru uye BMI yevabereki vose nemwana. High BMIs yakabatanidzwa nekudya neTV pa, apo kudya patafura yekudyira muimba yekudyira kana kicheni yakabatanidzwa nekudzikisa BMIs kune vose vana nevabereki.

Vatsvagiri vakawana chinongedzo pakati pevakadzi neBMI. Vasikana vakabatsira vabereki vavo kugadzirira kudya kwemanheru vainyanya kuve neBMI yepamusoro; kuwirirana uku hakuna kuwanikwa pakati pevakomana. Vakomana vaiita kudya kwemanheru kwakawanda kazhinji vaive neBMI yakaderera, kunyanya mumhuri umo munhu wese aigara patafura kusvika munhu wese apedza kudya. Kushamwaridzana uku kwakawanikwawo muvabereki.

"Tsika yekuti munhu anodya kupi uye kuti anodya kwenguva yakareba sei anoita kunge ndiye mutyairi mukuru," akadaro Brian Wansink, munyori-munyori wechidzidzo ichi uye purofesa paCornell University's Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management, Medical Xpress inoshuma.

Kubatana kunowanikwa pakati peBMI nemaitiro ekudya kwemanheru muchidzidzo hazvireve kuti pane chikonzero-uye-mhedzisiro hukama. Asi zvakawanwa zvinokarakadza kuti kurukurirano yemhuri pesvedzero yakasimba pamiitiro yokudya yavana.

"Nekutarisa pamitambo yekudyira yemhuri, tsvagiridzo iyi inosiya nzira dzekudya-pakati," akadaro Wansink. "Kudya kwemhuri nemitambo yavo inogona kunge iri nhandare isingakosheswi kurwisa kufutisa."

Mukuongorora kwakafanana kwakabudiswa mumagazini inonzi Economics and Human Biology, vatsvakurudzi vakawana kuti kungopa maminetsi mashomanana okuwedzera nguva yezvokudya zvemhuri nguva dzose kunogona kubatsira vana vari mumhuri dzine mari shoma kuti vawane uye varambe vaine uremu hwemazuva ose, hune utano. Vana vaidyidzana nemhuri dzavo pamusoro pekudya kwemaminiti makumi maviri kane pavhiki vakaonekwa kuti vanorema zvishoma kudarika vana vakasiya tafura yezvokudya mushure memaminitsi gumi nemashanu kusvika ku17.

Parizvino muUS, kufutisa kunobata 17 muzana yevana vese nevechiri kuyaruka, maererano neCenters for Disease Control and Prevention. Kufutisa muuhwana kunogona kukonzera kuwedzera mungozi yeprediabetes, matambudziko emapfupa nemajoini, kutadza kufema munhu akarara, uye kusazviremekedza.

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