Vana Vacheche Vanogona Kuvakonzera Matambudziko eHip: Mucheche George Ari Panjodzi Here?
Vana Vacheche Vanogona Kuvakonzera Matambudziko eHip: Mucheche George Ari Panjodzi Here?
Anonim

Vabereki vakawanda vanodavira kuti imwe nzira yokunyevenutsa mwana achangoberekwa kana kuti kurebesa mwana muduku kurara ndeyokuputira, muitiro wokusunga mucheche zvakanaka mugumbeze maoko akadzorwa uye makumbo akatambanudzwa. Tsvakurudzo itsva inoratidza kuti tsika iyi inogona kuva inokuvadza kumwana, inogona kukonzera kukura dysplasia yehudyu.

"Pave nekuvandudzwa kwemazuva ano kwekuputira," Purofesa Nicholas Clarke, weSouthampton University Hospital, akanyora munyaya yakabudiswa mu Archives of Disease in Childhood pakutanga kwemwedzi uno. "Kuti tibvumira kukura kwehudyu kune utano, makumbo anofanira kukwanisa kukotama uye kubuda muhudyu. Nzvimbo iyi inobvumira kukura kwechisikigo kwemajoini ehudyu."

Nhoroondo

Kutamba kwave kuripo kubva pamazuva eBhaibheri Dzvene, tichitarisa kubva pane tsananguro muTestamente Itsva. Nekufamba kwenguva, zvave zvichiitwa mumakirasi ese emarudzi akasiyana, kubva kuvafudzi vekare kusvika kuhumambo hwechiRungu hwemazuva ano sekupupurira kwemifananidzo yazvino yemwana George. Kunyange zvazvo kupetera kuchidzivirirwa mumamiriro okunze anopisa umo vanaamai vanowanzofarira chipfuramabwe, mazana emakore mashomanana apfuura, kupeta kwaiitwa nevanhu vakawanda “munzvimbo dzakawanda dziri kuchamhembe kwakadziva kudziya uye kuchamhembe kwegungwa, munzvimbo dzeMediterranean neMiddle East, muAsia neSouth America, uye dzimwe nzvimbo dzakawanda dzepasi, "vakanyora vanyori veongororo ye2007 ye swaddling yakabudiswa muPediatrics.

Zvidzidzo zveSainzi parutivi, vabereki vasingarare kure kure vakawana 'empirically' kuwana swaddling inoderedza kuchema. Kutaura idi, vanyori vebhuku rinonzi “Swaddling: A Systematic Review” vanotsigira pfungwa iyi: “Zviri pachena kuti kupetera kunoita kuti munhu arambe akarara.” Vatsvakurudzi vakacherechedzawo kuti tsika yacho inodzikamisa sei vacheche uye inoita kuti varare, ichishanda zviri nani pane kukwiza muviri mukuderedza zviratidzo zvekuchema kunyange pakati pevacheche vane kukuvara kwecerebral. Nehurombo, kunyange zvakadaro, pakuongororwa kwakarongeka kwezvidzidzo zvakasiyana-siyana zvakadhindwa, vakawana njodzi dzakabatana dzekupisa kupisa, kamwe kamwe kufa kwemwana mucheche, uye hip dysplasia. Nezvikonzero izvi, vatsvakurudzi vakagumisa tsika iyi, pasinei nekukwanisa kwayo kunyengedza vacheche kurara, haigone kukurudzirwa.

Tichifunga nezvokumutsidzirwa kwemisi ichangobva kupfuura iyi tsika, nyevero yavo nenzira yakajeka haina kuteererwa. Nhasi, vamwe vatanga kuridza mhere.

VekuAmerica

IAmerican Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons inotsanangura hudyu se "bhora-ne-socket" yekubatana umo bhora rinokwana zvakasimba musocket kana zvakajairika. Muvacheche nevana vane kukura dysplasia (dislocation) yehudyu (DDH), bhora rakasununguka muhomwe uye rinogona kuva nyore kubvisa. Kazhinji, DDH inenge iripo pakuzvarwa, asi inogonawo kukura mukati megore rekutanga rehupenyu hwemwana. Achitaura nezvekubatana kwekupfeka mbatya neDDH, Clarke, chiremba wemapfupa evana, akati, “Makumbo evana haafaniri kusungirirwa zvakasimba mukuwedzera uye akatsikirirwa pamwe chete.” Muchinyorwa chake, anotsanangura kuti kupeta kunogona kuita kuti hudyu dzitwasanuke uye Izvi zvinogona kukonzera matambudziko gare gare muupenyu.Osteoarthritis uye kuchinjwa hudyu pazera repakati ndezvimwe zvezvinhu zvinotyisa zvaakasimudza.

Zvinokosha kuti haasi oga. Muchinyorwa chake chechangobva kuitika chakabudiswa muAmerican Journal of Human Biology, Samantha H. Blatt, Ph.D., wedhipatimendi reanthropology paBoise State University, anoongorora kuwanda kweDDH pakati pevanhu vekuNorth America. Achiona kuti kuwanda kwekiriniki kweDDH ndiko kwakanyanya pakati pezvizvarwa zvemazuva ano, akaita ongororo yakarongeka yepaleoepidemiology - ongororo yemabviro ekare echirwere ichi - pakati peboka iri.

Kuti aite chidzidzo, akaongorora mapepa evakuru ve390 kubva kuLate Prehistoric Buffalo site, West Virginia, kuti aone kana vakaratidza zviratidzo zveDDH. Kune yega yega, akaongorora chero shanduko muchiuno, gumbo rezasi, uye musana, pamwe nekushanduka kwecranial, kuti aburitse humbowo hwekurambidzwa kwevacheche. Zvadaro, akaverenga uye akaenzanisa kupararira kweDDH pakati pevapenyu uye vanochera matongo vanhu vomunharaunda. Pakazara, Blatt akaziva DDH muvakuru gumi nemasere, zvichimuita kuti apedzisire kuti zvizvarwa zveNorth America zvine huwandu hwepamusoro hwepasi rose hweDDH kwete nhasi chete, asiwo mune prehistory.

"Etiology yeDDH inoratidza kuti zvikamu zvezvose zviri zviviri genetic predisposition uye swaddling maitiro zvakabatanidzwa kugadzira nzvimbo ine njodzi yekuvandudzwa kweDDH, zvichikonzera kuwanda kwayo kwakanyanya mukati mevanhu vekuchera matongo, saBuffalo, uye mapoka emazuva ano eNative America / maAboriginal mukati. North America,”akanyora kudaro. Zvichida dzimwe tsika, pasinei zvapo nokukwezvwa kwadzo dzemirangariro, dzakanakisisa kusiiwa kuva dzekare.

Zvinyorwa: Blatt SH. Akabatanidzwa pahudyu? Chidzidzo chepaleoepidemiological chekukura dysplasia yehudyu uye hukama hwayo nemaitiro ekuputira pakati pevanhu vekuNorth America. American Journal yeHuman Biology. 2013.

Clarke NMP. Swaddling uye hip dysplasia: maonero emapfupa. Zvinyorwa zveChirwere Muhuduku. 2013.

Van Sleuwen BE, Engelberts AC, Boere-Boonekamp MM, et al. Swaddling: Ongororo Yakarongeka. Pediatrics. 2007.

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