Airpocalypse' muChina: Kusvibiswa Kwemhepo Kunouraya Vanhu Vanopfuura Mamirioni Gore rega rega
Airpocalypse' muChina: Kusvibiswa Kwemhepo Kunouraya Vanhu Vanopfuura Mamirioni Gore rega rega
Anonim

Iyo "airpocalypse" muChina yakawedzera zvakanyanya mumakore achangopfuura, nekusvibiswa kwemhepo kunze kwakapetwa ka25 kupfuura kunonzi kwakachengeteka muUnited States, zvekuti nhamba yekufa kwayo pagore inodarika miriyoni imwe.

Pfupiso itsva yedata reChinese kubva ku2010 Global Burden of Disease Study, iyo yakabudiswa muna Zvita wapfuura nepepanhau rezvokurapa The Lancet, yakaverengera kufa kwemamiriyoni 1.2 nguva isati yakwana zvine chekuita nekusvibiswa kwemhepo kunze mugore ra2010 chete, yakashuma New York. Nguva.

Vatsvagiri vakaverenga kuti "ambient particulate kusvibiswa kwezvinhu" yaive yechina-inotungamira njodzi yekufa muChina muna 2010, uye yakamira yechinomwe pane rondedzero yepasirese njodzi zvinhu. Maererano nenhamba dzavo, kusvibiswa kwemhepo kunze kwakakonzera kufa kwemamiriyoni 3,2 pasi rose gore iroro.

Kutyisidzira kwehutano hweveruzhinji kwe "airpocalypse" muChina kwakawedzera zvakanyanya mumakore matatu apfuura- muna Ndira 2013, kusvibiswa kwemhepo kwekunze kwakakwira kusvika kurekodha nzvimbo dzakakwirira mumaguta ekuchamhembe seBeijing. The New York Times yakashuma kushatirwa kwakapararira munhau dzeChinese, uye hurumende ine mukurumbira inorambidza yakazotanga kuburitsa kuverenga kwekusvibiswa kweawa kumaguta makumi manomwe nemana eChina kutanga kwegore rino.

Kuwedzera kunoshamisa kwakadaro kwekusvibiswa kwemhepo yekunze kunoratidza kuti kufa nguva isati yakwana makore anotevera 2010 angangokwira zvakanyanya. Maererano neNY Times, mushumo wa2007 wakatsigirwa neWorld Bank wakaratidza kuti vanhu vanosvika 400, 000 vanofa nokusvibiswa kwemhepo muChina gore negore- chikamu chimwe chete muzvitatu chevanhu vakafa muna 2010.

Zvinoita sezvisina kujeka kuti hurumende yeChina iri kupindura sei kune airpocalypse yenyika. NPR inoshuma kuti guta reBeijing rakavimbisa kuderedza kusvibiswa kwemweya nezvikamu gumi neshanu muzana mumakore matatu anotevera - nhamba shoma kana ichienzaniswa nekuwedzera kwekushandiswa kwemarasha pakati pemafekitori ari mumatunhu akapoteredza.

Sangano reEconomic Cooperation and Development rinotarisira kuti "kusvibiswa kwemhepo yemuguta kunogadziriswa kuva chikonzero chepamusoro chekufa kwevanhu munyika yose ne2050, pamberi pemvura yakasviba uye kushayikwa kwehutsanana."

Kufa kwepasi rose kusvibiswa kwemhepo kwekunze kwakanyanya muAsia, uko China neIndia zvinomiririra kukura kwepasi muhuwandu hwevanhu, zvivakwa, uye kushandiswa kwesimba. "Airpocalypse" haisisiri kutyisidzira kwakanyanya muUnited States- ongororo ichangobva kuitika yakazivisa kuti kufa kwekusvibiswa kwemhepo kuAmerica kunofungidzirwa kudonha kusvika pamakumi matatu nematanhatu muna 2016.

Maererano neUnited States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), kusvibiswa kwemhepo kunze, zvikurukuru kubva mu<em>ozone yakawandisa mumhepo, “kunogona kukonzera zvinetso zvoutano zvakasiyana-siyana zvinosanganisira kurwadziwa muchipfuva, kukosora, kushatirwa pahuro, uye kutsvikinyidzana., uye asima. Ground level ozone inogonawo kuderedza kushanda kwemapapu uye kupisa marara emapapu.

Zvirwere uye kufa kubva mukusangana nekusvibiswa kwakanyanya kwekunze kwemhepo kunowanzoitika mune mamwe madiki ehuwandu.

"Kune chikamu chikuru, kusvibiswa kwemhepo kunowanzo kuratidzwa muhuwandu husina simba - vanhu vane asima vanowanzo batwa nemhedzisiro yekusvibiswa kwemhepo," muongorori wekuongorora Robert O'Keefe weHealth Effects Institute muBoston akaudza NPR. "Uyewo vadiki uye vana vanogara munzvimbo dzakasvibiswa zvakanyanya kwenguva yakareba."

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