Vatyairi Vari Kuita 'Kutenderwa' Kuruboshwe Vanotendeuka Kazhinji Vanorova Vanofamba Netsoka, Kunyangwe muMharadzano
Vatyairi Vari Kuita 'Kutenderwa' Kuruboshwe Vanotendeuka Kazhinji Vanorova Vanofamba Netsoka, Kunyangwe muMharadzano
Anonim

Vazhinji vanofamba netsoka vanotova nepfungwa yenhema yekuchengeteka pavanenge vachiyambuka migwagwa nepamharadzano. Ikozvino chidzidzo chitsva chinoratidza kuti vanofamba netsoka vanoyambuka 'vakabvumidzwa' kuruboshwe masaini ari panjodzi yekubatwa nemwero unotyisa.

"Kune tsaona dzakawanda dzevanofamba netsoka munzvimbo dzakachinjika kupfuura chero kupi zvako mumigwagwa," akadaro David Hurwitz, mutevedzeri wepurofesa weinjiniya yekufambisa paOregon State University. "Chidzidzo ichi chakawana kuti chinhu chimwe chakakosha chinotenderwa kutendeuka."

Vatsvagiri vakafananidza maitiro evatyairi pa 'yakachengetedzwa' girini museve masaini uye nekuruboshwe-inotenderwa nzvimbo uye vakawana vanofamba netsoka vane mana kusvika mapfumbamwe muzana yenguva inogona kurohwa nekuti vatyairi vane mukana mudiki wekutendeuka panguva iri kuuya. 'akabvumirwa' zviratidzo.

"Mukutonga kwetraffic unogara uine zvibodzwa zvakawanda, izvo dzimwe nguva zvinopokana," Hurwitz akadaro. "Unoda kufambisa motokari zvakanaka sezvinobvira, nokuti kune mari yekuita kuti motokari dzimirire. Unoshandisa mafuta akawanda, unowedzera mhepo uye unopedza nguva yevanhu. Kutendeutsa kwekuruboshwe kunobvumirwa kunogona kubatsira nekubudirira.

Chidzidzo chetraffic chakaongorora vatyairi vane inodzorwa yekutyaira simulators akatarisa uye akarekodha mafambiro eziso. Yakaratidza kuti ka10 pa10 kana kuti 20, mutyairi akanga asingatarise kuti aone kana mufambi aiyambuka asati atyaira pamharadzano.

Ane mhosva haazi mutyairi chete, asi zvikwangwani 'zvinotenderwa' zvekuruboshwe zvinosiyana mumigwagwa yeko uye zvinogona kuvhiringa. Vatsvagiri vanokurudzira kuti nyika dzibvise masaini aya pamberi pevanofamba netsoka.

"Dzimwe nguva chinangwa chekuchengeteka chinofanira kudarika chinangwa chekushanda zvakanaka, uye tinofunga kuti iyi ndeimwe yenguva idzodzo," Hurwitz akadaro.

Kuchengetedzwa kwevanofamba netsoka idambudziko rinogara richiitika muUnited States nerufu rwakawanda rwuri kuitika nekuda kwekumhanya kwakanyanya, vatyairi vanodhakwa nedoro uye mitemo yemigwagwa mumaguta, nzvimbo dzisiri dzemharadzano seNew York.

Semuenzaniso, chidzidzo chakabudiswa munguva pfupi yapfuura mu Journal of Trauma uye Acute Care Surgery yakaitwa neboka rezvokurapa paNYU Langone Medical Center yakawana kuti vanopfuura 1, 4000 vanofamba netsoka uye bhasikoro muManhattan neBrooklyn vakanga vachirapwa nekuda kwekukuvara kwakabatana. Kunyange zvazvo kutyaira kusina kunaka kungave kuine mhosva, vatsvakurudzi vanotaurawo kuti tsika dzakadai sekuteerera iPods uye kupfeka helmets paunenge uchifamba uye bhasikoro zvinogonawo kuita mutsauko wose. Zvakawanwa zvinoshamisa ndezvokuti 15 muzana yevaifamba netsoka uye 11 muzana yevatasvi vemabhasikoro vakabatanidzwa mukubonderana vakanga vanwa doro, yakashuma kudaro The New York Times.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention yakataura kuti vanhu vakuru makumi matanhatu nevashanu vanosvika makumi matanhatu muzana muzana yerufu, nepo mumwe muvana vashanu vakaurayiwa mumigwagwa vaive vanofamba netsoka.

Zvakawanikwa zvichaunzwa kuDriving Assessment Conference muBolton Landing, NY pakati paChikumi 17 kusvika 20, 2013 uye musangano weWestern District ITE uchaitirwa muArizona.

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