Brain-Mapping Project Kuwana $100M Mumari yeUS, Iine Zvikonzero ZveAlzheimer's Uye Zvimwe Zvirwere
Brain-Mapping Project Kuwana $100M Mumari yeUS, Iine Zvikonzero ZveAlzheimer's Uye Zvimwe Zvirwere
Anonim

Sezvo chirongwa chegenome chemunhu chakachinja mushonga makore gumi apfuura, United States inotarisira kushandisa madhora zana gore rinouya kuti itange kugadzira mepu ye100 bhiriyoni neuroni dzeuropi hwemunhu - chimiro chakaoma kunzwisisa kwazvo chinozivikanwa muchadenga.

Mumwe mukuru weWhite House audza vezvenhau nhasi kuti Mutungamiri Obama mwedzi unouya vachazivisa mari ichabatanidza masangano akazvimiririra kuwedzera kumasangano ehurumende akaita seNational Institutes of Health, Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency neNational Science Foundation.

Iyo purojekiti hombe yaizoda kuti vaongorori vagadzire tekinoroji nyowani yekurekodha chiitiko chemagetsi chekuwedzera neurons dzehuropi hwemunhu, zvichiunza mhedzisiro yakakura mukurapa nehungwaru hwekugadzira, pakati pemamwe masainzi.

VaObama vakataura nezvechirongwa ichi muna Kukadzi State of the Union address, vachienzanisa danho iri nerakabudirira rakapihwa mari nehurumende Human Genome Project umo masayendisiti akaronga DNA yevanhu.

"Dhora rega rega ratakaisa kumepu genome remunhu rakadzosa madhora zana nemakumi mana kuhupfumi hwedu - dhora rega," Obama akadaro. "Nhasi, masayendisiti edu ari kugadzira uropi hwemunhu kuvhura mhinduro kuAlzheimer's."

Sezvine zvakawanda mapurojekiti makuru ekutsvagisa, vaongorori vanotarisira kuwana zvisingatarisirwe. Kusvika pari zvino, vaongorori vakangoita mepu yezvikamu zvidiki zvehuropi hwemunhu pamwe nehuropi hwezvimwe zvipenyu, zvakaita setsoko dzemacaque.

Vatsvagiri paIBM, inotungamirwa muArmonk, NY, vakawana ruzivo rwunokatyamadza mukugadzira uropi hwetsoko yemacaque, semuenzaniso, kuwedzera kune humbowo huchangoburwa huri kukurumidza kusiya gumi nematanhatu.th zana vazivi muguruva. Muchirongwa icho, chakashumwa muna 2010, masayendisiti akawana "yakanyatsobatanidzwa musimboti" yavanofungidzira kuti inogona kunge iri sosi yekuziva kwepamusoro uye kunyangwe kuziva, nexus inotambanudzira kuburikidza nepremotor cortex, prefrontal cortex, temporal lobe, thalamus, visual cortex uye zvimwe zvakawanda. matunhu ehuropi hwetsoko.

Masayendisiti akaratidzawo kushamisika kuwana iyo prefrontal cortex - kunyangwe iri kumberi kwehuropi - kuve nzvimbo yepakati yekugadziriswa kweruzivo, kutumira ruzivo mukati mehurongwa.

Ndezvipi zvinoshamisa zvakamirira vaongorori veIBM nemamwe masangano akazvimirira, hurumende pasi rese? Dzimwe nyanzvi dzinofananidza kugadzira mepu yeuropi nehuropi hunodongorera mukati mahwo pachahwo huchibva kunze, zvakafanana nemifananidzo yekutanga yakaonekwa nevanhu yenyika yavo yebhuruu nechena kubva kumusoro kwechadenga.

Asi kunze kwemibvunzo yehuzivi vaongorori vanonongedza kune zvinoshanda sezvo sainzi inounganidza rumwe ruzivo muchirwere cheAlzheimer, kupindwa muropa uye mamwe matambudziko eurourochemical ayo achiri kutsanangura mamiriro emunhu.

Yakakurumbira nenyaya