Mumwe muVana Gumi muUS Ane ADHD; Nhamba dziri Kuwedzera
Mumwe muVana Gumi muUS Ane ADHD; Nhamba dziri Kuwedzera
Anonim

Kuisa pfungwa kwomwana kunogona kuratidza kuva basa risina tariro, kunyanya kana zvinhu zvakasiyana-siyana zvichibvarura kuda kuziva kwavo kumativi akasiyana. Yave tsika yakajairika kuti vanachiremba vaongorore varwere vadiki vane Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, ADHD, apo vangasaratidza zviratidzo zvese zvakarurama.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, ADHD, ndechimwe chezvirwere zvinowanzoonekwa zvetsinga muvana. Zviratidzo zvinogona kusanganisira kushaikwa kwekutarisa, kunetseka kupedza mabasa uye kusakwanisa kumira panzvimbo imwe kwenguva yakareba.

Ongororo itsva yakabudiswa neCenters for Disease Control and Prevention inoti nhamba yevana vari kubatwa neADHD yakawedzera ne53 muzana kubva muna 2003. Vana vanosvika mamiriyoni 6,4 muUnited States kubva pamakore mana kusvika ku17 vakaonekwa kuti vane ADHD pane dzimwe nguva. pfungwa muupenyu hwavo, New York Times yakashuma.

"Idzo nhamba dzenyeredzi. Ndapererwa," Dr. William Graf, chiremba wezveuropi muNew Haven uye purofesa paYale School of Medicine, akaudza New York Times. "Zviratidzo zvinyoro zviri kuwanikwa zviri nyore, izvo zvinoenda zvakanyanya kupfuura chirwere ichi uye kupfuura nzvimbo yekusanzwisisika kusvika pakunatsiridza kwevana vane hutano."

Zviratidzo zveADHD zvinowanzoiswa mumapoka matatu: hyperactivity, kusava nehanya uye kukurumidza. Vana vane zviratidzo zvekusagadzikana vanozviwana vava kugwinha-gwinha kana kugwinha-gwinha kana vakumbirwa kuti vamire uye vanogona kutaura kwenguva refu. Mwana ane zviratidzo zvokusangwarira achakombamira kukanganwa mibato yake yezuva nezuva uye anogona kutsauswa nyore nyore paagere kana kuti akamira. Mwana ane zviratidzo zvekukasika ane nguva yakaoma kumirira nguva yake uye ane tsika yekuva anovhiringidza.

Chidzidzo ichi chakaratidzawo kuti zvikamu zviviri muzvitatu zvevana vakaonekwa vaine ADHD vanonyorerwawo mishonga seRitalin neAdderall, zvinokurudzira zvinoshandiswa kurapa chirwere ichi. Maonero anopikisana panyaya iyi anopikisa kana kunyanyonyorerwa mishonga inoshandiswa kurapa ADHD kungave kuri kukanganisa utano hwomwana.

Pakave nekukwira kuri kuitika pakati pevechiri kuyaruka vanotengesa Adderall naRitalin yavo kushamwari dzinoshandisa mushonga se "chidzidzo chemishonga." Vanachiremba vari kutyira vana uye vechidiki vechidiki vasinganyatso nzwisisa mashandisirwo e "neuroenhancements" aya uye zvinogona kuitika.

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