Coccidioidomycosis Zviratidzo: Valley Fever Fungus Infection iri Kuwedzera muSouthwest United States
Coccidioidomycosis Zviratidzo: Valley Fever Fungus Infection iri Kuwedzera muSouthwest United States
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Zviratidzo zveCoccidioidomycosis, zvinokonzerwa nehutachiona hwefungus inozivikanwawo se "San Joaquin valley fever," iri kuwedzera muCalifornia, Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, uye Utah, maererano neshoko idzva kubva kuCenters for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).)

Coccidioidomycosis inokonzerwa nekufema Coccidioides immitis spores, iyo inowanzowanikwa muvhu rakaoma. Utachiona hwefungal, hunogara munzvimbo dzakaoma dzeMexico, Central neSouth America, uye kumaodzanyemba kwakadziva kumadokero kweUnited States, hunokonzera chirwere chefuruwenza chinogona kutungamirira kuchirwere chisingaperi chemapapu.

Nhasi's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) kubva kuCDC yakazivisa kuwedzera kukuru kwechiitiko checoccidioidomycosis mumakore gumi apfuura, kubva pa5.3 pa100,000 vanhu muAmerican Southwest (California, Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, uye Utah) muna 1998. kusvika ku42.6 pa100,000 muna 2011.

Kubva 1998 kusvika 2011, pakanga paine 111, 717 zviitiko zvecoccidioidomycosis kubva ku28 states- 66 muzana vaibva kuArizona, 31 muzana kubva kuCalifornia, uye 1% kubva kune dzimwe nyika dzakapararira. Chirwere chefungal chainyanya kuitika pakati pevanhu vane makore makumi mana kusvika makumi mashanu nemapfumbamwe muCalifornia, uye yakakwirira pakati pevanhu vanopfuura makore makumi matanhatu muArizona.

CDC inoyambira kuti "vanopa hutano vanofanirwa kungwarira coccidioidomycosis pakati pevarwere vemazera ese vanogara kana vakaenda kunzvimbo dzine hutachiona" kana vakaratidza chero zviratidzo zvekufema sefuruwenza, kunyanya kana vachembera kana vasina immune system.

Coccidioidomycosis zviratidzo zvinogona kusanganisira kurwadziwa muchipfuva, kutonhora, kukosora, kurwadziwa kwehuro, uye kubuda ropa phlegm. San Joaquin valley fever inowanzopera pasina kurapwa, asi mumatambudziko akaomarara anogona kuratidza senge pneumonia isingaperi. Muvanhu vane immune system isina simba, inogona kuuraya kana Coccidioides fungus ikapararira kupfuura mapapu.

Utachiona hwefungal hunogona kunetsa kuziva, sezvo zviratidzo zvahwo zvekutanga zvakafanana nehutachiona huzhinji, uye CDC inoshuma kuti varwere vazhinji vanotanga kupihwa mishonga isingakodzeri yemishonga nekuti vanachiremba havana kuzviziva. Sekureva kweCedars-Sinai, nzira dzekuongorora dzakavimbika dzinosanganisira tsika dzakakura kubva mumvura ine hutachiona inoratidza humbowo hweCoccidioides fungus, kana kuongororwa ropa kunoratidza masoja ekudzivirira chirwere kwairi.

Mishonga yeAntifungal inowanzokurudzirwa kurapwa kwecoccidioidomycosis mune varwere vane njodzi yakanyanya.

Hazvizivikanwe kuti chii chakakonzera kuwedzera kwezviratidzo zvecoccidioidomycosis mumakore gumi apfuura, kunyangwe CDC inofungidzira kuti kukanganisa kwezvakatipoteredza mukusanaya kwemvura, kunaya kwemvura, uye tembiricha yakaburitsa huwandu hukuru hweCoccidioides spores kubva muvhu kupfuura zvamazuva ese, kana kuti kuvakwa kwevanhu paivhu rakange risina kukanganiswa. mugumisiro mumwe chete.

Iko hakuna matanho akadzivirirwa ekudzivirira kwechirwere checoccidioidomycosis, asi CDC inokurudzira kuti vanhu vari panjodzi muAmerican Southwest vadzivise San Joaquin valley fever nekuderedza kuratidzwa kumhepo ine huruva inogona kuve nespores yeCoccidioides fungus.

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