Kurara Apnea Muvana: Migumisiro Inogona Kusanganisira ADHD, Matambudziko Ekudzidza
Kurara Apnea Muvana: Migumisiro Inogona Kusanganisira ADHD, Matambudziko Ekudzidza
Anonim

Tsvagiridzo nyowani inosimbisa hukama huripo pakati pekuvharisa kufema kwehope muvana uye ADHD, pamwe nemamwe matambudziko ehunhu uye ekuziva. Vana vane dambudziko rokutadza kufema zvakanaka pakurara, rudzi rwakajairika rwokutadza kufema zvakanaka pavanenge vakarara, vanowanzova nezvinetso pakudzidza nekucherechedza.

Kuvhara kufema kwehope, rudzi rwekufema-kusagadzikana kwekufema (SDB), kunokanganisa inenge 2 muzana yevana muUnited States, maererano neAmerican Academy of Sleep Medicine. Kubatana pakati pekuvharisa kuvharika kwekurara muvana neAdHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) kwakambotangwa, asi ichi chidzidzo chekutanga chekurara chekushandisa kuzvitaura pakuongorora maitiro evana anochinja, kana kugona kujairana nemamiriro matsva.

Chidzidzo ichi, chakabudiswa mumagazini yaApril yepepanhau SLEEP, yakaongorora kurara uye ruzivo rwekuziva kubva ku263 Arizona vana vakanyoresa muTucson Children's Assessment yeSleep Apnea Study (TuCASA) kwemakore mashanu. Vana, vese vari pakati pemakore matanhatu kusvika gumi nerimwe ekuzvarwa, vakapedza zvidzidzo zvekurara kwehusiku humwe uye yakajairwa yakatevedzana yeurourobehavioral bvunzo pakutanga uye pakupera kwe5-makore. Vabereki vavo vakapindurawo mibvunzo pamusoro pemaitiro evana.

Zvidzidzo zvekurara zvakakamura vana mumapoka mana: avo vasina kumbova nekufema-kusagadzikana kwekufema, avo vakave nako kekutanga asi kwete kechipiri, avo vakanako kechipiri chete (kutsva kutsva), uye avo vakanako nguva dzose. nguva (kuramba).

Zvakabuda zvakaratidza kuti vana vane new start sleep apnea vangangoita kanenge kana kuti vave nematambudziko ekuzvibata- mukana wakakwira kusvika zvakapetwa katanhatu kana vakaramba vachitadza kufema.

Vana vaiva nedambudziko rokutadza kufema munhu akarara vangangove nevabereki vachishuma zvinetso zvokunyanyisa, kuva nehanya, mano okukurukura, kuzvitarisira, uye kukwanisa kuchinjira kumamiriro ezvinhu matsva. Vangangovewo vachitambura muzvidzidzo, vaine mamakisi eC kana akaderera muchikoro.

"Chidzidzo ichi chinopa ruzivo runobatsira kune vashandi vezvokurapa vachibvunza vabereki nezve nzira dzekurapa dzevana vane SDB izvo, kunyangwe zvichibvisa, pane njodzi huru dzehunhu dzine chekuita nekuenderera mberi kweSDB," akadaro Dr. Michelle Perfect, munyori anotungamira uye mubatsiri wechidzidzo ichi. purofesa mune zvepfungwa paYunivhesiti yeArizona muTucson.

Kuvharidzira kufema kwehope ndicho chikonzero chikuru chekuridza ngonono, kunoitika kana nyama yakapfava iri kuseri kwehuro yakazorora zvakanyanya panguva yekurara uye ichiwira mumhepo. Izvi zvinobvisa kudyiwa kweokisijeni, uye kufefetera kwenguva pfupi kunotumira chiratidzo kuuropi kuti umuke nekukurumidza. Kana kutadza kufema munhu akarara kwakanyanya, kunogona kukanganisa kurara kane mazana usiku hwose- kuchishayisa okisijeni muuropi uye kuchikonzera kuneta zuva rinotevera.

Vana vane hope-kutadza kufema kazhinji vane matonsi akakura uye adenoids kupfuura vamwe vana vezera ravo, uye vana vazhinji vane apnea yekurara vane nhoroondo yekuridza ngonono. Nzira dzekurapa dzinoshanda dzevana dzinosanganisira kuvhiyiwa kubviswa kwematonsi uye adenoids kana kushandiswa kweanoenderera mberi akanaka airway pressure (CPAP) therapy.

Vatsvakurudzi vekuArizona vanoti mukudzidza kwavo vana vakawanda vane chirwere chehope vane matonsi akakura uye adenoids kupfuura avo vasina, uye vanogona kunyanya kuridza ngonono. Tonsillectomies inogona kupa kurapa kunoshanda kweapnea yekurara, uye saka inogona kuenderera mberi yakanaka airway pressure (CPAP therapy).

Perfect akataura mukutaura kuti kuvharidzira kuvharika kwekurara muvana kunowanzo kuderera kusvika mukuyaruka, asi kuti "kumirira uye kuona maitiro kune njodzi" kune vabereki vari kunetsekana nekukura kwevana vavo uye maitiro.

"Vashandi vechikoro vanofanirawo kufunga nezve mukana wekuti SDB inokonzera kuoma kwekusagadzikana, kudzidza uye maitiro uye kusagadzikana kwepfungwa mukirasi."

The New York Times inokarakadza kuti zvinetso zvekudzidza zvine ADHD zvingawanzobva mukuvharidzira kufema kwehope muvana, uye kuti zviratidzo zvacho zvinogona kurapwa zviri nani nekuvandudzwa kwekurara pane nemishonga inokurudzira yakaita seAdderall naRitalin, iyo inogona kutowedzera kushaikwa kwehope.

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