Vadzidzi vekuAsia Zvirinani paMasvomhu neSainzi; Vasikana Vakaenzana neVakomana mu STEM Basa Rinogona
Vadzidzi vekuAsia Zvirinani paMasvomhu neSainzi; Vasikana Vakaenzana neVakomana mu STEM Basa Rinogona
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Chidzidzo chitsva chinoona kuti vadzidzi vechirume nevechikadzi vanogara vachiwana mamakisi akafanana muzvikoro zvepamusoro zvemasvomhu nesainzi, nepo vanhu vekuAsia vari nani pasvomhu nesainzi kupfuura mamwe marudzi ese- mhedzisiro inoburitsa fungidziro yevakadzi asi ichisimbisa rudzi nezvekubudirira muzvidzidzo uye kubudirira muzvidzidzo. STEM mabasa.

Mishumo ichangoburwa yakaratidza kusaenzana kwevakadzi nedzinza pakati pevadzidzi vanosarudza STEM (sainzi, tekinoroji, mainjiniya, uye masvomhu) mabasa muUnited States. Maererano neUnited States Commerce Department, vakadzi vanobata isingasviki makumi maviri neshanu muzana emabasa eSTEM, kunyangwe ivo vachiumba inenge hafu yevashandi vekuAmerica.

African Americans neLatinos, nepo ichisanganisira chikamu chimwe muzvitatu chehuwandu hweUnited States, inoita isingasviki 10 muzana yevaAmerica vese vane STEM mabasa. Vanhu vokuAsia vokuAmerica, kune rumwe rutivi, vanoumba 5 muzana yehuwandu hwevanhu vose asi 17 muzana yemabasa ose eSTEM enyika.

Hutongi hwaObama hwakaramba huchizivisa kuzvipira kwahwo mukuvandudza dzidzo yeSTEM uye kuwana basa kune vechidiki vekuAmerica vanobva kwakasiyana siyana, sezvo mabasa eSTEM ari musimboti mukuru wekukura mune ramangwana uye nekudaro anoonekwa sevatyairi vane simba kune vashoma vanomiririrwa kuti vawane kuenzana kwehupfumi nemagariro.

Vatsvakurudzi Nicole Else-Quest, Concetta Mineo, naAshley Higgins vaifarira kuongorora kuti kusaenzana kwevarume nedzinza muboka revashandi veSTEM sei zvichienzaniswa nekuita chaiko kwevadzidzi vekusekondari mumakosi esvomhu nesainzi.

Vakadzidza 10th giredhi rekupera kwegore remasvomhu nesainzi mamakisi evadzidzi vechirume nevechikadzi 367 pazvikoro zvishanu zvakasiyana siyana zveveruzhinji muPhiladelphia, avo vakaratidza sevachena, African American, Hispanic/Latino, kana Asian America. Vakarekodhawo maonero evadzidzi pamusoro pezvavanogona masvomhu nesainzi uye zvavanotarisira kubudirira.

Mhedzisiro, yakabudiswa nhasi muPsychology of Women Quarterly, yakaratidza kuti vadzidzi vechirume nevechikadzi vakanga vasina mutsauko wakakura mumakiredhi avo esvomhu nesainzi. Varume nevakadzi vekuAsia vaive nani pasvomhu kupfuura mamwe marudzi ese, uye varume vekuAsia America ndivo vakanyanya kuwana zvibodzwa zvepamusoro. Vanhurume veAfrica America neLatino, kune rumwe rutivi, vakagamuchira zvibodzwa zvakaderera.

"Varume vechidiki vekuAsia America vanogara vachiratidza kubudirira kwepamusoro kana vachienzaniswa nevamwe pwere, vachiratidzira 'mienzaniso yevashoma'," vakanyora vaongorori mubepa ravo. "Mukupesana, kusabudirira kwevarume veLatino neAfrica America inzira inopfuurira uye inotambudza."

Vadzidzi vechirume vakataura kuti vane chivimbo chakanyanya mukugona kwavo masvomhu kupfuura vadzidzi vechikadzi, pamwe netarisiro huru yekubudirira, nepo vadzidzi vechikadzi vanonzi vaikoshesa sainzi kupfuura varume. Zviitiko izvozvo zvakabata mapoka emarudzi.

Vatsvakurudzi vakatora mari yemhuri uye mazinga edzidzo mukufunga, vachiona kuti vadzidzi vachena mumuenzaniso vangangobva kumhuri dzine mari yepamusoro dzine dzidzo yevabereki yakawanda uye mabhuku akawanda mumba, pasinei nekugara munzvimbo imwe chete uye kuenda kune imwe chete. zvikoro sevaenzani vavo vanobva kune mamwe madzinza.

Sezvineiwo, vabereki vevadzidzi vekuAsia America mumuenzaniso vaive nemazinga akaderera edzidzo kune evadzidzi veAfrica America neLatino- zvichiratidza kusiyana kwetsika kunopesvedzera kubudirira kwevadzidzi.

Vatsvakurudzi vakagumisa kuti kuzvifungira uye zvinotarisirwa zvekubudirira zvigadziriso zvakasimba zvekubudirira musvomhu nesainzi. Muzvidzidzo zvenguva yemberi, vanoronga kudzidza kuti kuchinja kwemanzwiro sekufunganya, kufinhwa, kusafarira, kufara, uye kudada kunoratidza sei kubudirira kwevadzidzi muzvidzidzo.

"Zvisinei nekufanana kwevakadzi mukubudirira kwemasvomhu nesainzi, vechidiki vechikadzi vanowanzotenda kugona kwavo kwesainzi, tekinoroji, engineering, uye masvomhu (STEM) hazvina kusimba seizvo zvevavanodzidza navo vechirume," akadaro Else-Quest, nyanzvi yezvepfungwa. Yunivhesiti yeMaryland muBaltimore, mune chirevo.

Zvinoita sekuti kusavimbika uku kunoganhura kubudirira kwevanasikana mune remangwana mundima dzeSTEM, kana kuti kushingirira kwetsika nemagariro zvinovadzingira kure nesainzi nemabasa einjiniya. Zvimwe chetezvo zvingava zvechokwadi kune vashoma vanomiririrwa zvishoma. Chikwata cheElse-Quest chinotarisira kuti zvavakawana pamusoro pemaitiro evadzidzi zvinogona kuzivisa zvirongwa zvine chinangwa chekukunda kusarurana kwevakadzi nemarudzi mukubudirira kweSTEM.

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