Vatsvakurudzi Vanogadzira Microchip Implant Kuti Ibatsire Nekuderedza Uremu
Vatsvakurudzi Vanogadzira Microchip Implant Kuti Ibatsire Nekuderedza Uremu
Anonim

Kubatsira varwere vakafuta kudonha mapaundi ihondo inoenderera mberi yevanachiremba. Nevanopfuura chikamu chimwe muzvitatu chevanhu vekuAmerica vanoonekwa sevakafutisa -- uye vangave vasingadi kana kusakwanisa kuderedza uremu - masayendisiti ekurapa uye nyanzvi vari mushure meiyo tsvene grail: iri nyore, isingadhure mhinduro yekurasikirwa uremu.

Uye vanogona kunge vachiswedera pedyo: zvakaziviswa nguva pfupi yapfuura kuti Vatsvakurudzi vanobva kuUnited Kingdom vakagadzira microchip inogona kuiswa patsinga kuti irege kudya.

"Iyi idiki diki diki uye pane iyi chip tine hungwaru hunogona kunyatso kutevedzera zviratidzo zveneural zvine chekuita nekudya," Chris Toumazou, purofesa paImperial College London uye mumwe wevakagadzira chip, akaudza BBC..

Ichiyera mamirimita akati wandei chete yakafara, iyo chip (inonzi "intelligent implantable modulator") inonamatira kune vagus nerve mudumbu remukati uchishandisa cuff electrodes. Iyo vagus nerve inobvumidza iwe kutaura uye kumedza, inoderedza kurova kwemoyo, uye inotarisisa maitiro ekugaya, pamwe nemamwe mabasa. Zvakakosha, ndiyo zvakare mutauriri wekutanga pakati pehuropi nemudumbu.

Vatsvagiri varikuti iyo chip ingave inoshanda - uye yakachipa -- sarudzo pane kuvhiya-kurasikirwa nehuremu kune vanhu vakafuta zvakanyanya.

Iyo chip haina kugadzirwa kubva pakutanga. Chikwata chekutsvagisa chakatogadzira tekinoroji yakafanana inonzi MIMATE, iyo parizvino iri kuongororwa kubatsira vana vane cerebral palsy uye pfari pfari. MIMATE inoverenga masaini emakemikari anotumirwa kubva kuuropi kuenda kunhengo yakabatwa, seruoko rwakabatwa nesitiroko, uye ipapo kutumira zvinokurudzira kunhengo. Chinangwa ndechekubatsira varwere kuwana dexterity uye ruoko / maziso kubatana.

Musiyano mukuru pakati peMIMATE uye uremu chip (iyo yakangwara inodzika modulator) ndeyekuti chishandiso chitsva hachitumire zvinokurudzira zvinokurudzira. Iyo yekurasikirwa nehuremu chip yaizongoverenga inodzokororwa yemagetsi nemakemikari masaini ekuda kudya anogadzirwa mutsinga. Inobva yaendesa kuverenga uye inotumira chiratidzo kuuropi ichiiudza kuti ibvise kudya.

"Nekuda kwekutarisa masaini aya tinokwanisa kukurudzira huropi kupikisa chero chatinotarisa," Toumazou akadaro. "Ichave control of appetite pane kuti usadye zvachose. Saka pamwe pane kuti udye uchikurumidza uchadya zvishoma."

Mukuwedzera pakukurukurirana neuropi, chip yaizoratidzawo shoko rimwechete ("ramba chido chekudya!") Kumatumbu. Muchiitiko ichi, inogonawo kubvisa iyo inogadziriswa gastric bhendi yekuvhiya nzira, zvakare.

Nekudaro, basa rakawanda rinofanirwa kuitwa chip chisati chauya kumusika. Vatsvagiri vari kuseri kwechigadzirwa vanoti kuongororwa kwemhuka kuchatanga munguva pfupi iri kutevera, kuchiteverwa nemakore matatu ekuedzwa kwekiriniki. European Research Council yakapa mari yakaenzana ne9 miriyoni yemadhora kuita chirongwa ichi.

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