Genes Haaite Muvhoti
Genes Haaite Muvhoti
Anonim

Maitiro ekuvhota haagone kufanotaurwa nejini rimwe chete kana maviri sezvakataurwa nevaongorori, sekureva kwaEvan Charney, purofesa weDuke University wezvematongerwo enyika nesainzi yezvematongerwo enyika.

Mu "Candidate Genes and Political Behavior," bepa rakabudiswa muna February 2012 American Political Science Review, Charney uye munyori pamwe chete William English weHarvard University vanopikisa chokwadi chezvidzidzo zvose zvinoti rudzi rwakasiyana-siyana runogona kufanotaura maitiro akaoma. sekuvhota.

Vanoshandisa semuenzaniso ongororo ye2008 yakaitwa naJames H. Fowler naChristopher T. Dawes weYunivhesiti yeCalifornia, San Diego iyo yakataura kuti majini maviri anofanotaura nezvevavhoti. Charney neChirungu vanoratidza kuti kana zvimwe zvikanganiso muchidzidzo chekutanga zvagadziriswa -- zvikanganiso zvinowanzoitika kune dzakawanda zvidzidzo zvemubatanidzwa wemajini - hapasisina hukama pakati pemajini aya nekubuda kwevavhoti.

"Kudzidza kwaFowler naDawes kwakashata," Charney akadaro. "Majini maviri haafanotaura zvichabuda. Takadzokorora chidzidzo ichi tichishandisa fungidziro yavo yese, maequation, uye data uye takaona kuti mhedzisiro yavo yakavakirwa pakukanganisa kwavakaita. Patakagadzirisa zvikanganiso, pakanga pasisina kushamwaridzana pakati pemajini maviri aya. uye nehuwandu hwevavhoti."

Charney neChirungu vanonyorawo kuti majini maviri akafanana akanzi naFowler naDawes aizofanotaura kuvhota kwevavhoti anonzi anofanotaurawo, sekureva kwezvimwe zvidzidzo zvakangoburitswa, kudhakwa, chirwere cheAlzheimer, anorexia nervosa, kutarisisa kushaya simba, autism, kushushikana, pfari., extraversion, kushaya hope, migraines, narcolepsy, kufutisa, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, Parkinson's disease, postpartum depression, restless legs syndrome, premature ejaculation, schizophrenia, kusvuta, kubudirira nevatengesi veWall Street, sudden infant deathette, Tourette. syndrome, uye mazana emamwe maitiro. Vanonongedzera kune dzinoverengeka zvidzidzo zvakaedza kusimbisa izvi zvakawanikwa uye hazvina kukwanisa.

"Vatsvakurudzi pasi rose vari kushandisa seti yedata ine ruzivo rwemaitiro pamusoro pevatori vechikamu pamwe chete nedata shoma remajini kune mashoma emajini avo," Charney akadaro. "Kazhinji, ruzivo rwemajini rwuri muzvikamu zvakasiyana-siyana zvemashoko izvi runongogumira kumajini mana kana mashanu mamwe chete. Mugumisiro wacho ndewokuti majini mamwe chetewo anonzi zvino anofanotaura mhatsa inoshamisa yemaitiro evanhu."

"Ko imwe yakajairika gene inosiyana sei ingafanotaura maitiro mazhinji akasiyana?" Charney akabvunza. "Uye ndeapi mukana wekuti iwo mashoma mamwe chete emajini - kubva paanofungidzirwa 25, 000 kusvika 30, 000 majini - ichaita chishamiso chekuva kiyi yemajini kune ese maitiro evanhu?"

Charney nechiRungu vanocherekedzawo kuti fungidziro yepasirese yezvidzidzo zvemubatanidzwa wemagene inopesana nemanzwisisiro atiri kuita ehukama pakati pemajini nemafambiro akaomarara evanhu, senge hunhu hwezvematongerwo enyika.

"Kune kubvumirana kuri kukura kwekuti maitiro akaoma anogarwa anokonzerwa nekusiyana kwezviuru zvemajini anodyidzana, neiyo epigenome (iyo inodzora gene expressivity), uye nenharaunda nenzira dzakaoma," Charney akadaro. "Pfungwa yekuti jini rimwe chete kana maviri anogona kufanotaura chimwe chinhu semaitiro ekuvhota kana kudyidzana kunotyora zvese zvatiri kuziva nezvehukama hwakaoma huri pakati pemajeni nehunhu."

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