Mapiritsi Ekurarisa Anechekuita Nekufa Kusati Kwasvika uye Gomarara
Mapiritsi Ekurarisa Anechekuita Nekufa Kusati Kwasvika uye Gomarara
Anonim

Chidzidzo chitsva chinoona kuti mapiritsi ekurara akajairika anoratidzika kunge ane hukama ne5.3-yakapetwa njodzi yekufa kwevashandisi vachienzaniswa nevasiri vashandisi, kunyangwe muvashandisi vanopihwa zvidiki.

Mishonga yepamusoro yemapiritsi ekurara yakabatanidzwa ne35 muzana yakawedzera njodzi yekenza muvashandisi vachienzaniswa nevasiri vashandisi.

Vatsvakurudzi vakaongorora mapiritsi ekurara anosanganisira eszopiclone (Lunesta), zaleplon (Sonata), triazolam (Halcion), flurazepam (Dalmane), barbiturates, uye antihistamine yekare yakadai se diphenhydramine. Hypnotic mapiritsi ekurara kubva kune zvimwe zvekurara zvakadai sekuwedzera melatonin, iyo inozorodza vashandisi kukurudzira kurara, nekuti inokonzeresa munhu kurara.

"Kurongeka-kwe-hukuru fungidziro … inoratidza kuti muna 2010, hypnotics inogona kunge yakabatana ne320, 000 kusvika 507, 000 kufa kwakanyanya muUS chete," munyori anotungamira Dr. Daniel Kripke weScripps Clinic muLa Jolla, California., uye vaaishanda navo vakanyora muchidzidzo chacho. "Kubva muongororo iyi isina kurongeka, hatigone kunyatsoziva kuti ndechipi chikamu chekufa chinosanganiswa nemishonga yekufungidzira chingave chakakonzerwa nemishonga iyi, asi kuenderana kwefungidziro yedu muhuwandu hwehutano nehurwere hunoratidza kuti kufa kwe hypnotics kwakakura."

Kripke akaongorora marekodhi ezvekurapa e10, 529 varwere vakuru, vane avhareji yezera re54, vakanyorerwa hypnotic mapiritsi ekurara kweavhareji yemakore 2.5 uye 23, 676 vakafananidza varwere vasina kumbopihwa mapiritsi ekurara.

Anenge mumwe muvarwere gumi nevatanhatu vanotora mapiritsi ekurara akange afa mukati menguva yegore re2.5 zvichienzaniswa nemumwe muvarwere ve80 vasina kunyorerwa mapiritsi ehypnotic.

Zvigumisiro zvakaratidza kuti mishonga duku ye0.4 kusvika ku18 doses pagore yakawedzera ngozi yekufa ne3.6 nguva kana ichienzaniswa nevarwere vakanga vasina hypnotic prescriptions, uye njodzi yekufa yakawedzera 5.32 kune varwere vanorayirwa kupfuura 132 doses pagore.

"Tinofungidzira kuti vangangosvika vatanhatu kusvika gumi muzana vevakuru vekuUS vakashandisa mishonga iyi muna 2010 uye zvikamu zvinogona kunge zvakakwira mumativi eEurope," vakatsvaga vakanyora.

Vanyori havana kutaura nezve kufa kwakaita vanhu, uye vakasimbisa kuti vakawana apo vakawana hukama pakati pemapiritsi ekurara uye huwandu hwevanhu vanofa, havazive chikonzero.

"Kunyangwe vanyori vasina kukwanisa kuratidza kuti mapiritsi ekurarisa anokonzera kufa nguva isati yakwana, ongororo yavo … inomutsa kushushikana kwakakosha uye mibvunzo nezve kuchengetedzeka kwemishonga yekurodza nemapiritsi ekukotsirisa," Trish Groves, mupepeti weBritish Medical Journal, pakabudiswa chidzidzo ichi., akadaro mukutaura.

Zvidzidzo zvekare zvakabatanidza mapiritsi ekurara ane tsaona dzemotokari dzakawanda, kudonha kwakakomba, husiku kudya syndromes, kudzokazve musophagus uye peptic ulcer chirwere.

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