Painkiller kufa kuri kuwedzera muUS neCanada
Painkiller kufa kuri kuwedzera muUS neCanada
Anonim

Kuwedzera kwenhamba yenzufu muUnited States neCanada inobva kumishonga inonyaradza marwadzo inozivikanwa seopioid, nyanzvi dzakataura muBritish Medical Journal.

Chidzidzo ichi chakatanga kuburitswa mwedzi wapera.

Opioids ianalgesic, kana kuti inobvisa marwadzo, mishonga. Zvidzidzo zvakaratidza kuti kushandiswa kwekurapa kwakanyatsogadziriswa, kutorwa sezvakarongwa, kweopioid analgesics, yakachengeteka, uye inogona kugadzirisa marwadzo zvakanaka. Maopioid kirasi yemishonga inosanganisira hydrocodone (Vicodin) oxycodone (OxyCotin), morphine, fentanyl, codeine, uye mishonga yakabatana. Mamwe maopioid akatarwa kuti abvise marwadzo anosanganisira propoyphen (Darvon), hydromorphone (Dilaudid) uye meperidine (Demerol), iyo inoshandiswa zvishoma nekuda kwemhedzisiro maererano neNational Insitutes of Health.

Kunyange zvazvo vave vachishandiswa kwenguva refu kudzora zviratidzo zvekenza uye zvirwere zvakanyanya, maopioid emishonga ari kuwedzera kushandiswa kudzora marwadzo asingagumi, somuenzaniso kune varwere vanotambura neosteoarthritis, vanoti Dr. Irfan Dhalla uye vashandi pamwe navo paYunivhesiti yeToronto.

Kufa muUnited States kunosanganisira opiate painkillers kwakawedzera kubva ku4, 041 muna 1999 kusvika ku14, 459 muna 2007 uye iko zvino kwakawanda kudarika kufa nekenza yeganda, HIV uye doro rechiropa chirwere. Pakati pe 1.4 miriyoni ne 1.9 miriyoni vanhu muGermany neUnited Kingdom vakapindwa muropa nemishonga yemishonga uye zviremera zvinoti United States neCanada vakatarisana nenhamba dzakafanana.

Kurwisa maitiro ari kukura aya muNorth America, vanyori vanonongedzera kune akati wandei mazano:

- Makambani ezvinodhaka haafanire kuwana komisheni yekutengesa mishonga yeopioid.

-Kusuma chaiyo-nguva yemagetsi dhatabhesi kuderedza kuwanda uko munhu anowana maopioid kubva kune akawanda vanachiremba kana ma pharmacy.

Dhalla nevamwe vaanoshanda navo vari kudaidzira zvirongwa zvekudzidzisa zvevanachiremba kuti vavandudze kuraira kweopioid. Vakacherechedza kuti humbowo hwekushandiswa kwemaopioid kudzora kurwadziwa kusingaperi kwakaderera uye njodzi inodarika zvikomborero.

Vatsvagiri vanoratidza kuti kuchengetedza kuwana maopioid evarwere vakasarudzwa uye kudzikisira kupinda nyore izvo zvinokonzeresa kufa kwekuwandisa kunofanirwa kuve chinhu chakakosha kune varapi nevagadziri vemitemo.

Yakakurumbira nenyaya