Kuwedzera kufutisa kwakabatana nekuwedzera kwekuremara pakati pevakwegura muLatin America neCaribbean
Kuwedzera kufutisa kwakabatana nekuwedzera kwekuremara pakati pevakwegura muLatin America neCaribbean
Anonim

Kutenda nekukwira kwehuwandu hwekufutisa muLatin America neCaribbean, vanhu vakwegura ikoko vari kuwedzera kutambura nekuremara, maererano nepepanhau rakabudiswa nguva pfupi yapfuura neYunivhesiti yeTexas Medical Branch kuGalveston vatsvakurudzi muAmerican Journal of Epidemiology.

Chidzidzo cheUTMB chakatora data kubva kuPan-American Health Organisation uye National Institute on Aging ongororo iyo yakafukidza vanopfuura 6, 000 vanhu vanopfuura makore makumi matanhatu neshanu mumaguta matanhatu: Bridgetown, Barbados; São Paulo, Brazil; Santiago, Chile; Havana, Cuba; Mexico City, Mexico; uye Montevideo, Uruguay. Mukati mebhodhi, vaongorori vakawana kuti vanhu vakuru vakafutisa vangangove nedambudziko rakakura kufamba, kugeza, kupfeka, kudya, kupinda nekubuda pamubhedha uye kushandisa chimbuzi.

Muongororo iyi, munhu aitsanangurwa seakafutisa kana aine body mass index (huremu mumakirogiramu akapatsanurwa nehurefu mumamita akaenzana) yakaenzana kana kupfuura makumi matatu.

"Uku kuwanda kwakanyanya kwekufutisa chinhu chitsva muLatin America neCaribbean, mhedzisiro yevanhu vanobva kumaruwa vachienda kumadhorobha uye nekuchinja maitiro avo ekudya uye zvimwe zvehupenyu hwavo kune imwe nzira yekuMadokero," akadaro mubatsiri weUTMB purofesa Soham. al Snih, munyori anotungamira we "Kufutisa uye Kuremara: Ukama Pakati Pevakuru Vakuru Vanogara muLatin America neCaribbean," iyo yakabuda muna June 15 chinyorwa cheAmerican Journal of Epidemiology. "Panguva imwecheteyo, tiri kuona kuwedzera kukuru kwehupenyu. Ukama hwepedyo hwatakawana pakati pekufutisa nekuremara muvanhu vakwegura hunoratidza kuti tinofanira kushanda kuti tidzivise vanhu ava kuti vawedzere."

Pasina kuedza kukuru kusimudzira kudya kwakanaka uye kurovedza muviri muLatin America neCaribbean vanhu, al Snih akati, maitiro azvino anozoburitsa huwandu hukuru hwevanhu vari panjodzi yekurwara nechirwere cheshuga, chirwere chemoyo uye arthritis - mamiriro anogona kuwedzera dhigirii rehurema pakati pevakweguru, uye izvo zvichanetsa zvakanyanya hutano hwehutano hwenyika dzine hurombo.

"Tinofanirwa kudzoreredza vanhu kune hutano huri nani, tinofanirwa kuongorora zvirwere izvi nekuita nepese patinogona kudzivirira, uye isu tinofanirwa kubatanidza vanhu ava mukurovedza muviri uye kuwedzera basa ravo," al Snih akadaro. "Zvakakosha, nekuti zvikasadaro zvichadhura zvakanyanya mukufamba kwenguva."

Pamusoro pekusimbisa hukama pakati pekuwedzera kwehuwandu hwekufutisa uye hurema huri kuwedzera pakati pevakuru, al Snih akacherekedza kuti chidzidzo cheUTMB chinopa tarisiro isingawanzo kupararira kwekufutisa muhuwandu hwakasiyana hwevanhu vakura muLatin America neCaribbean, uko data rehutano hweveruzhinji. inotarisa panzvimbo pauduku kuburikidza nezera repakati. Ikozvino huwandu hwekufutisa pakati pevakweguru hwakabva kune yakaderera ye13.3 muzana muHavana kusvika kune yakakwirira ye37.6 muzana muMontevideo. (Maererano neNational Health and Nutrition Survey ya2007-2008, huwandu hwekufutisa kweUS kuvarume vanopfuura makore makumi matanhatu i37.1 muzana; kuvakadzi vanopfuura makumi matanhatu i33.6 muzana).

Yakakurumbira nenyaya