Vanaamai vanoshungurudza vana vanovandudza kurera vana mushure mekudzidziswa mudzimba, kutsigirwa mupfungwa kwevarapi
Vanaamai vanoshungurudza vana vanovandudza kurera vana mushure mekudzidziswa mudzimba, kutsigirwa mupfungwa kwevarapi
Anonim

Vanaamai vanorarama muurombo uye vakashungurudza vana vavo vanogona kurega kana vakadzidziswa unyanzvi hwokurera uye vakatsigirwa mupfungwa.

Ongororo itsva yakaratidza kuti vanaamai vari mumhuri dzine nhoroondo yekushungurudzwa kwevana uye kuregeredzwa vakakwanisa kuderedza kutuka, kupopota, kurova, kurova, kurova kana kuramba vana vavo mushure mekushanyirwa kumba nevarapi. akavadzidzisa unyanzvi hwekurera vana.

Pakave nekuvandudzwa kukuru mukurera vanaamai mumhuri dzakagamuchira masevhisi akasimba, zvichienzaniswa nemhuri dzisina kuwana masevhisi, sekureva kweSMU nyanzvi dzepfungwa Ernest Jouriles naRenee McDonald paSouthern Methodist University muDallas, vaviri vevanyori vasere vechidzidzo.

Nekuda kwekudzidziswa kwakasimba, kwemaoko, vakadzi vari muchidzidzo ichi vakati vainzwa kuti vakaita basa riri nani kutonga maitiro evana vavo, akadaro Jouriles naMcDonald. Vanaamai vakacherechedzwawo kuti vashandise nzira dziri nani dzekurera vana, uye mhuri dzaisazomhan’arwa zvakare pakushungurudzwa kwevana.

"Kunyangwe paine akawanda marudzi emasevhisi ekugadzirisa kushungurudzwa kwevana, pane data shoma resainzi nezvekuti masevhisi acho anoshanda chaizvo," akadaro McDonald. "Chidzidzo ichi chinowedzera ruzivo rwezvesayenzi uye chinoratidza kuti rudzi urwu rwebasa runogona kunyatsoshanda."

Kubatsira mhuri dzine mhirizhonga

Dzidzo yekurera vana chikamu chechirongwa chinonzi Project Support, chakagadzirwa paFamily Research Center paSMU uye chakagadzirirwa kubatsira vana vari mumhuri dzine mhirizhonga yakaipisisa.

Chidzidzo ichi chinoonekwa mune yazvino chinyorwa chekota Journal yeMhuri Psychology. Chinyorwa chakanzi "Kunatsiridza Kurera Mumhuri Dzinotumirwa Kushungurudzwa Kwevana: Muedzo Wakasarudzika Unodzorwa Kuongorora Mhedzisiro Yerutsigiro rweProjekiti." SMU nyanzvi yezvepfungwa David Rosenfield akanyorawo chidzidzo ichi.Kutsvakurudza kwakabhadharwa ne federal Interagency Consortium pamusoro peMhirizhonga Inopesana nevakadzi uye Mhirizhonga Mukati meMhuri, pamwe chete neTexas-based Hogg Foundation yeMental Health.

"Kushungurudzwa kwevana idambudziko rakakosha uye rinodhura munharaunda yedu zvekuti zvinoita sekunge zvakakosha kuti tive nechokwadi chekuti nhamburiko dzedu - uye madhora emutero anovabhadharira - zviri kunyatsogadzirisa dambudziko," akadaro Jouriles. Iye naMcDonald ndivo vatsigiri uye vatungamiri veSMU Family Research Center.

Muna 2007, masangano anoona nezvekuchengetedzwa kwevana eU.S. akagamuchira mishumo inodarika mamiriyoni matatu yekushungurudzwa kwevana uye kuregeredzwa, inokwana vana vanosvika mamiriyoni matanhatu, maererano neU.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Murombo uye asina murume ane vana

Chidzidzo ichi chakashanda nemhuri makumi matatu neshanu dzakavhenekwa kuburikidza nesangano reTexas rekuchengetedza vana reChild Protective Services, CPS. Vabereki vacho vainge vashungurudza kana kuregeredza vana vavo kamwechete, asi CPS yakaona kuti zviri nani kuti mhuri igare pamwe chete uye vawane masevhisi ekuvandudza kurera vana nekupedza kushungurudzwa uku.

Mumhuri dzese, amai vaive muchengeti wepamutemo uye mutarisiri wekutanga uye kazhinji vaive nevana vatatu. Paavhareji akanga ane makore 28, asina kuroorwa uye aiva nemari inotambirwa pagore ye$10, 300. Vana vaiva mufundo yacho vaibvira pamakore matatu kusvikira ku8 okukura.

Hafu yemhuri mutsvakurudzo yakawana dzidzo nerutsigiro rweProject Support yekurera vana. Imwe hafu yakagamuchira masevhisi eCPS enguva dzose.

Hunyanzvi hutsva hwekurera vana + rubatsiro

Vapepi vehutano hwepfungwa vaisangana nemhuri gumi nenomwe dzeProject Support svondo rega rega mudzimba dzavo kwemwedzi inosvika mitanhatu.

Mukati menguva iyoyo, vanaamai, uye kazhinji kazhinji varume vavo kana kuti varoorani, vakadzidziswa unyanzvi chaihwo 12, kubatanidza kuteerera nokutamba nevana vavo, kuteerera nokuvanyaradza, nzira yokupa nayo rumbidzo nengwariro yakanaka, nzira yokupa nayo mirayiridzo yakakodzera. uye mirairo, uye nzira yekupindura kune kusazvibata.

Zvakare, varapi vakapa vanaamai rutsigiro rwemanzwiro uye vakavabatsira kuwana zvekushandisa nezviwanikwa kuburikidza nemasangano enharaunda sezvinodiwa, semabhangi ezvekudya neMedicaid. Varapi vakabatsirawo vanaamai kuongorora kukwana uye kuchengeteka kwepokugara kwemhuri, kunaka kwegadziriro dzavo dzokutarisira vana uye nzira yokugovera nayo zvokudya zvakakwana nemari shoma kwazvo.

Masevhisi aipihwa mhuri dzinowana mabasa ekuchengetedza vana akasiyana-siyana. Masevhisi akasiyana-siyana aisanganisira makirasi ekurera vana pachechi kana sangano, marapirwo emhuri kana mazano emunhu ega, dzidziso yekurera vana yakatepfenyurwa nevhidhiyo, rubatsiro rwekudzora hasha, makirasi eGED uye kuonana nevashandi vezvemagariro evanhu pamunhu kana parunhare.

Kudzokororwa kushoma kwekushungurudzwa

Chete 5.9 muzana yemhuri dzakadzidziswa kuburikidza neProjekti Yekutsigira yakazoendeswa kuCPS yekushungurudzwa, zvichienzaniswa neanenge 28 muzana yeboka rekutonga, vaongorori vakawana.

"Migumisiro yeongororo iyi ine zvakakosha pamunda wekushungurudzwa kwevana," akadaro Rosenfield weSMU.

Project Support yakatangwa muna 1996 kuti igadzirise matambudziko ehutano hwepfungwa evana vakabatwa zvisina kunaka nevana vari kushungurudzwa mudzimba, izvo zvinowanzokonzera matambudziko makuru kuvana mushure mehupenyu, sekushandisa zvinodhaka, mhirizhonga pakati pevamwe uye kuita zvehutsotsi. Ongororo dzakapfuura dzakaratidza chirongwa ichi chinogona kuvandudza kugadziridzwa kwepfungwa dzevana pamwe nekugona kwaamai kubereka vana vavo zvakakodzera uye zvinobudirira, sekureva kwevaongorori.

Rutsigiro rweProjekiti: Tsika inovimbisa

Nemari kubva kuU.S. Department of Justice's Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Project Support yakabatanidzwa muongororo yekuongorora "maitiro anovimbisa" gumi nemashanu munyika yose kubatsira vana vanogara mumhuri dzine mhirizhonga.

Jouriles ndiye purofesa uye sachigaro weSMU Psychology Dhipatimendi. McDonald naRosenfield vanobatana mapurofesa.

Vamwe vaongorori vaiva William Norwood, University of Houston; Laura Spiller, Midwestern State University; Nanette Stephens, University of Texas; Deborah Corbitt-Shindler, SMU; uye Miriam Ehrensaft, City University yeNew York.

Yakakurumbira nenyaya